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JLPT N2, N3, N4 and N5 vocab list

This is a cumulative list. (It contains the vocab needed by JLPT N2, N3 and below). See the list of vocab added for JLPT N2 only.

VocabList.C.N2toN5.doc (4.2 MB)
VocabList.C.N2toN5.pdf (6.1 MB)

KanjiHiraganaEnglish
あいかわらずas ever,as usual,the same
アイデア/アイディアidea
あいまいvague,ambiguous
遭うあうto meet,to encounter (undesirable nuance)
扇ぐあおぐto fan,to flap
青白いあおじろいpale,pallid
あかんぼうbaby
明きあきroom,time to spare,emptiness
あきれるto be amazed,to be shocked
アクセントaccent
あくびyawn
飽くまであくまでto the end,to the last,stubbornly
明け方あけがたdawn
揚げるあげるto lift,to fry
挙げるあげるto raise,to fly
あげる (=やる)to do for
憧れるあこがれるto long for,to yearn after,to admire
足跡あしあとfootprints
味わうあじわうto taste,to savor,to relish
預かるあずかるto keep in custody,to receive on deposit,to take charge of
暖まるあたたまるto warm up,to get warm
暖めるあたためるto warm,to heat
あたりまえusual,common,ordinary
あひらあひら
あちらこちらhere and there
厚かましいあつかましいimpudent,shameless,brazen
圧縮あっしゅくcompression,condensation,pressure
宛名あてなaddress,direction
あてはまるto be applicable,to come under (a category),to fulfill
あてはめるto apply,to adapt
暴れるあばれるto act violently,to rage,to struggle,to be riotous
あぶらfat,tallow,lard
あぶるto scorch
あふれるto flood,to overflow,to brim over
雨戸あまどsliding storm door
甘やかすあまやかすto pamper,to spoil
余るあまるto remain,to be left over,to be in excess,to be too many
編物あみものknitting,web
編むあむto knit
危ういあやういdangerous,critical,grave
怪しいあやしいsuspicious,dubious,doubtful
荒いあらいrough,rude,wild
粗いあらいcoarse,rough
あらすじoutline,summary
争うあらそうto dispute,to argue,to be at variance,to compete
改めてあらためてanother time,again,over again,anew,formally
改めるあらためるto change,to alter,to reform,to revise
著すあらわすto write,to publish
有難いありがたいgrateful,thankful,welcome,appreciated,evoking gratitude
在るあるto live,to be
あれこれone thing or another,this and that,this or that
あわただしいbusy,hurried,confused,flurried
あわてるto become confused
安易あんいeasy-going
案外あんがいunexpectedly
アンテナantenna
言い出すいいだすto start talking,to speak,to tell,to propose,to suggest,to break the ice
言い付けるいいつけるto tell,to tell on (someone),to order
意義いぎmeaning,significance
生き生きいきいきvividly,lively
いきなり(uk) abruptly,suddenly,all of a sudden,without warning
育児いくじchildcare,nursing,upbringing
幾分いくぶんsomewhat
生け花いけばな(1) flower arrangement
以後いごafter this,from now on,hereafter,thereafter
以降いこうon and after,hereafter,thereafter
イコールequal
勇ましいいさましいbrave,valiant,gallant,courageous
衣食住いしょくじゅうnecessities of life (food, clothing, etc.)
意地悪いじわるmalicious,ill-tempered,unkind
いちいちone by one,separately
一応いちおうonce,tentatively,in outline,for the time being
一段といちだんとgreater,more,further,still more
一流いちりゅうfirst class,top grade,foremost,top-notch
いつbe lost,peace,hide,mistake,beautiful,in turn
一昨日いっさくじつday before yesterday
一昨年いっさくねんyear before last
一斉いっせいsimultaneous,all at once
一旦いったんonce,for a moment,one morning,temporarily
一定いっていfixed,settled,definite
いっていらっしゃい
いってらっしゃい
いってまいります
いつのまにかbefore one knows,unnoticed,unawares
移転いてんmoving,transfer,demise
井戸いどwater well
緯度いどlatitude (nav.)
従姉妹いとこcousin (female)
威張るいばるto be proud,to swagger
嫌がるいやがるto hate,to dislike
いよいよmore and more,all the more,increasingly,at last,beyond doubt
煎るいるto parch,to fry
炒るいる
入れ物いれものcontainer,case,receptacle
インキink
インタビューinterview
引力いんりょくgravity
ウーマンwoman
ウールwool
ウエートレスwaitress
植木うえきgarden shrubs,trees,potted plant
飢えるうえるto starve
浮ぶうかぶto float,to rise to surface,to come to mind
浮かべるうかべるto float,to express,to look (sad, glad)
浮くうくto float,to become merry,to become loose
承るうけたまわる(hum) to hear,to be told,to know
受取うけとりreceipt
受け持つうけもつto take (be in) charge of
薄暗いうすぐらいdim,gloomy
薄めるうすめるto dilute,to water down
打合せうちあわせbusiness meeting,previous arrangement,appointment
打ち消すうちけすto deny,to negate,to contradict
討つうつto attack,to avenge
うっかりcarelessly,thoughtlessly,inadvertently
映すうつすto project,to reflect,to cast (shadow)
写るうつるto be photographed,to be projected
映るうつるto be reflected,to harmonize with,to come out (photo)
うどんnoodles (Japanese)
有無うむyes or no,existence,flag indicator (comp),presence or absence marker
埋めるうめるto bury,to fill up,to fill (a seat, a vacant position)
敬ううやまうto show respect,to honour
裏返すうらがえすto turn inside out,to turn (something) over
裏口うらぐちbackdoor,rear entrance
占ううらなうto forecast,to predict
恨みうらみresentment
恨むうらむto curse,to feel bitter
羨ましいうらやましいenvious,enviable
羨むうらやむto envy
売上うりあげamount sold,proceeds
売り切れうりきれsold-out
売り切れるうりきれるto be sold out
売行きうれゆきsales
うろうろloiteringly,aimless wandering
運河うんがcanal,waterway
うんとa great deal,very much
英文えいぶんsentence in English
英和えいわEnglish-Japanese (e.g. dictionary)
ええとlet me see,well,er....
液体えきたいliquid,fluid
エチケットetiquette
絵の具えのぐcolors,paints
エプロンapron
偉いえらいgreat,celebrated,eminent,terrible,awful,famous,remarkable,excellent
宴会えんかいparty,banquet
園芸えんげいhorticulture,gardening
演劇えんげきplay (theatrical)
円周えんしゅうcircumference
遠足えんそくtrip,hike,picnic
延長えんちょうextension,elongation,prolongation,lengthening
煙突えんとつchimney
追い掛けるおいかけるto chase or run after someone,to run down,to pursue
追い越すおいこすto pass (e.g. car),to outdistance,to outstrip
オイルoil,engine oil,kerosene
応援おうえんaid,assistance,help,reinforcement
王女おうじょprincess
応ずるおうずるto answer,to respond,to meet,to satisfy,to accept
応接おうせつreception
応対おうたいreceiving,dealing with
往復おうふく(col) round trip,coming and going,return ticket
欧米おうべいEurope and America,the West
応用おうようapplication,put to practical use
オーケストラorchestra
おおざっぱrough (not precise),broad,sketchy
大通りおおどおりmain street
オートメーションautomation
オーバーコート
大凡おおよそabout,roughly,as a rule,approximately
お帰りおかえりreturn,welcome
おかけください
おかげさまでThanks to god,thanks to you
おかずside dish,accompaniment for rice dishes
拝むおがむto worship,to beg,to make a supplication
お代わりおかわりsecond helping,another cup
補うおぎなうto compensate for
おきのどくに
屋外おくがいoutdoors
おくさん(hon) wife,your wife,madam
送り仮名おくりがなpart of word written in kana
おげんきで
怠るおこたるto neglect,to be off guard,to be feeling better
押えるおさえるto stop,to restrain,to seize,to repress,to suppress,to press down
おさきにbefore,ahead,previously
納めるおさめるto obtain,to reap,to pay,to supply,to accept
治めるおさめる(1) to govern,to manage,(2) to subdue
惜しいおしいregrettable,disappointing,precious
御辞儀おじぎbow
伯父さんおじさんmiddle-aged gentleman,uncle
小父さんおじさんmiddle-aged gentleman,uncle
叔父さんおじさんmiddle-aged gentleman,uncle
おしゃれsmartly dressed,someone smartly dressed,fashion-conscious
おじゃましますExcuse me for disturbing you
教わるおそわるto be taught
おだいじにTake care of yourself
落着くおちつくto calm down,to settle down
御手洗おてあらいfont of purifying water placed at entrance of shrine
お出掛けおでかけ
お手伝いさんおてつだいさんmaid
おどかすto threaten,to coerce
落し物おとしものlost property
おとといday before yesterday
おととしyear before last
おとなしいobedient,docile,quiet
驚かすおどろかすto surprise,to frighten,to create a stir
おねがいしますplease
各々おのおのeach,every,either,respectively,severally
伯母さんおばさん(hon) aunt
叔母さんおばさん(1) aunt,(2) middle-aged lady
おはよう(abbr) Good morning
お参りおまいりworship,shrine visit
おまたせしましたSorry to have kept you waiting
おまちくださいPlease wait a moment
おまちどおさまSorry to have kept you waiting
おめでたいhappy event,matter for congratulation,auspicious event,pregnancy
思い掛けないおもいがけないunexpected,casual
思い込むおもいこむto be under impression that,to be convinced that
思いっ切りおもいっきり
思い付くおもいつくto think of,to hit upon
重たいおもたいheavy,massive,serious
おやすみ(1) holiday,absence,rest,(2) (exp) Good night
おやつ(1) between meal snack,afternoon refreshment
親指おやゆびthumb
オルガンorgan
卸すおろすto sell wholesale,grated (vegetables)
恩恵おんけいgrace,favor,blessing,benefit
温室おんしつgreenhouse
温泉おんせんspa,hot spring,onsen
温帯おんたいtemperate zone
御中おんちゅうand Company,Messrs.
女の人おんなのひとwoman
mosquito
カーブ(1) curve,(2) curve ball (baseball)
かいshell,shellfish
開会かいかいopening of a meeting
会館かいかんmeeting hall,assembly hall
改札かいさつexamination of tickets
解散かいさんbreakup,dissolution
海水浴かいすいよくsea bathing,seawater bath
回数かいすうnumber of times,frequency
回数券かいすうけんbook of tickets
改正かいせいrevision,amendment,alteration
快晴かいせいgood weather
解説かいせつexplanation,commentary
改造かいぞう(1) remodeling,(2) modding (comp)
開通かいつうopening,open
回転かいてんrotation,revolution,turning
解答かいとうanswer,solution
回答かいとうreply,answer
外部がいぶthe outside,external
解放かいほうrelease,liberation,emancipation
開放かいほうopen,throw open,liberalization
海洋かいようocean
概論がいろんintro,outline,general remarks
帰すかえすto send back
却ってかえってon the contrary,rather,all the more,instead
代えるかえるto exchange,to interchange,to substitute,to replace
反るかえるto warp,to be warped,to curve
家屋かおくhouse,building
係わるかかわるto concern oneself in,to have to do with,to affect,to influence,to stick to (opinions)
書留かきとめwriting down,putting on record,recording,making a note of,registration (of mail)
書取かきとりdictation
垣根かきねhedge
掻くかくto scratch,to perspire
嗅ぐかぐto sniff,to smell
架空かくうaerial,overhead,fiction,fanciful
各自かくじindividual,each
拡充かくじゅうexpansion
学術がくじゅつscience,learning,scholarship
各地かくちevery place,various places
拡張かくちょうexpansion,extension,enlargement,escape (ESC)
角度かくどangle
学年がくねんyear in school,grade in school
学部がくぶdepartment of a university,undergraduate
格別かくべつexceptional
確率かくりつprobability
学力がくりょくscholarship,knowledge,literary ability
掛け算かけざんmultiplication
可決かけつapproval,adoption (e.g. motion, bill),passage
火口かこうa burner,origin of a fire
下降かこうdownward,descent,fall,drop,subsidence
重なるかさなるto be piled up,lie on top of one another,overlap each other
重ねるかさねるto pile up,to put something on another,to heap up,to add,to repeat
飾りかざりdecoration
火山かざんvolcano
かしこまりましたcertainly!
貸し出しかしだしlending,loaning
過失かしつerror,blunder,accident
果実かじつfruit,nut,berry.
貸間かしまroom to let
貸家かしやhouse for rent
個所かしょpassage,place,point,part
過剰かじょうexcess,over-
かじるto chew,to bite (at),to gnaw,to nibble
課税かぜいtaxation
下線かせんunderline,underscore
カセットcassette (tape)
加速かそくacceleration
加速度かそくどacceleration
固いかたいstubborn,firm (not viscous or easily moved)
堅いかたいhard (esp. wood),steadfast,honorable,stuffy writing
片仮名かたかなkatakana
片付くかたづくto put in order,to dispose of,to solve
かたまりlump,mass,clod,cluster
固まるかたまるto harden,to solidify,to become firm,to become certain
片道かたみちone-way (trip)
傾くかたむくto incline toward,to slant,to lurch
片寄るかたよるto be one-sided,to incline,to be partial
学科がっかstudy subject,course of study
学会がっかいscientific society,academic meeting
楽器がっきmusical instrument
学級がっきゅうgrade in school
担ぐかつぐto shoulder,to carry on shoulder
括弧かっこparenthesis,brackets
活字かつじprinting type
活躍かつやくactivity
活力かつりょくvitality,energy
仮定かていassumption,supposition,hypothesis
過程かていprocess
課程かていcourse,curriculum
仮名かな(n) alias,pseudonym,pen name
仮名遣いかなづかいkana orthography,syllabary spelling
かねbell,chime
加熱かねつheating
兼ねるかねるto hold (position),to serve,to be unable
カバーcover (ex. book)
過半数かはんすうmajority
被せるかぶせるto cover (with something)
かまiron pot,kettle
紙屑かみくずwastepaper
神様かみさまgod
剃刀かみそりrazor
ガムchewing gum
貨物かもつcargo,freight
かゆいitchy,itching
歌謡かようsong,ballad
からshell,husk,hull,chaff
カラーcollar,color,colour
からかうto ridicule,to tease,to banter with,to make fun of
空っぽからっぽempty,vacant,hollow
かるた(n) playing cards (pt: carta)
枯れるかれるto wither,to die (plant),to be blasted (plant)
カロリーcalorie
かわいがるto love,to be affectionate
乾かすかわかすto dry (clothes, etc.),to desiccate
渇くかわくto be thirsty
為替かわせmoney order,exchange
かわらroof tile
代るかわる(v5r,vi) to take the place of,to relieve,to be substituted for
間隔かんかくspace,interval,SPC
換気かんきventilation
感激かんげきdeep emotion,impression,inspiration
関西かんさい
鑑賞かんしょうappreciation
感ずるかんずるto feel,to sense
間接かんせつindirection,indirectness
乾燥かんそうdry,arid,insipid,dehydrated
感想かんそうimpressions,thoughts
観測かんそくobservation
寒帯かんたいfrigid zone
官庁かんちょうgovernment office,authorities
勘違いかんちがいmisunderstanding,wrong guess
缶詰かんづめpacking (in cans),canning,canned goods,tin can
乾電池かんでんちdry cell,battery
関東かんとうeastern half of Japan, including Tokyo
観念かんねん(1) idea,notion,conception,(2) sense (e.g. of duty)
乾杯かんぱいtoast (drink)
看板かんばんsign,signboard,doorplate,poster
看病かんびょうnursing (a patient)
かんむりcrown,diadem,first,best
漢和かんわChinese Character-Japanese (e.g. dictionary)
気圧きあつatmospheric pressure
器械きかいinstrument
着替えきがえchanging clothes,change of clothes
機関車きかんしゃlocomotive,engine
飢饉ききんfamine
器具きぐutensil
期限きげんterm,period
記号きごうsymbol,code
刻むきざむto mince,to carve,to engrave
儀式ぎしきceremony,rite,ritual,service
基準きじゅんstandard,basis,criteria,norm
規準きじゅんstandard,basis,criteria,norm
起床きしょうrising,getting out of bed
着せるきせるto put on clothes
基礎きそfoundation,basis
気体きたいvapour,gas
基地きちbase
きっかけchance,start,cue,excuse
ぎっしりtightly,fully
基盤きばんfoundation,basis
客席きゃくせきguest seating
客間きゃくまparlor,guest room
ギャングgang
キャンパスcampus
休業きゅうぎょうclosed (e.g. store),business suspended,shutdown,holiday
休講きゅうこうlecture cancelled
休息きゅうそくrest,relief,relaxation
給与きゅうよallowance,grant,supply
休養きゅうようrest,break,recreation
清いきよいclear,pure,noble
強化きょうかstrengthen,intensify,reinforce,solidify
境界きょうかいboundary
行事ぎょうじevent,function
恐縮きょうしゅくshame,very kind of you,sorry to trouble
教養きょうようculture,education,refinement,cultivation
行列ぎょうれつ(1) line,procession,(2) matrix (math)
漁業ぎょぎょうfishing (industry)
曲線きょくせんcurve
規律きりつorder,rules,law
斬るきる(v5r) to behead,to murder
気を付けるきをつけるto be careful,to pay attention,to take care
金魚きんぎょgoldfish
区域くいきlimits,boundary,domain,zone,sphere,territory
偶数ぐうすうeven number
空想くうそうdaydream,fantasy,fancy,vision
空中くうちゅうsky,air
クーラーcooler,air conditioner
くぎnail
区切るくぎるto punctuate,to cut off,to mark off,to stop,to put an end to
くしcomb
くしゃみsneeze
苦情くじょうcomplaint,troubles,objection
苦心くしんpain,trouble
くずwaste,scrap
崩すくずすto destroy,to pull down,to make change (money)
薬指くすりゆびring finger
崩れるくずれるto collapse,to crumble
砕くくだくto break,to smash
砕けるくだけるto break,to be broken
くたびれるto get tired,to wear out
くだらないgood-for-nothing,stupid,trivial,worthless
下るくだるto get down,to descend
くちびるlips
口紅くちべにlipstick
くっつくto adhere to,to keep close to
くっつけるto attach
くどいverbose,importunate,heavy (taste)
句読点くとうてんpunctuation marks
配るくばるto distribute,to deliver
工夫くふうlabourer,worker
区分くぶんdivision,section,classification
組合せくみあわせcombination
組み立てるくみたてるto assemble,to set up,to construct
汲むくむ(1) to draw (water),to dip,to scoop,to pump
酌むくむto serve sake
悔しいくやしいregrettable,mortifying,vexing
悔やむくやむto mourn
クリーニングcleaning,dry cleaning,laundry service
くるむto be engulfed in,to be enveloped by,to wrap up
くれぐれもrepeatedly,sincerely,earnestly
咥えるくわえる
ぐんcountry,district
稽古けいこpractice,training,study
敬語けいごhonorific,term of respect
蛍光灯けいこうとうfluorescent lamp,person who is slow to react
形式けいしきform,formality,format,math expression
継続けいぞくcontinuation
毛糸けいとknitting wool
経度けいどlongitude
系統けいとうsystem,family line,geological formation
芸能げいのうpublic entertainment,accomplishments,attainments
競馬けいばhorse racing
警備けいびdefense,guard,policing,security
形容詞けいようしtrue adjective
形容動詞けいようどうしadjectival noun,quasi-adjective
外科げかsurgical department
毛皮けがわfur,skin,pelt
激増げきぞうsudden increase
下車げしゃalighting,getting off
下旬げじゅんmonth (last third of)
下水げすいdrainage,sewage,ditch,gutter,sewerage
削るけずるto cut down little by little,to take a percentage
けたcolumn,beam,digit
下駄げたgeta (Japanese footwear),wooden clogs
血圧けつあつblood pressure
血液けつえきblood
月給げっきゅうmonthly salary
傑作けっさくmasterpiece,best work,boner,blunder
月末げつまつend of the month
気配けはいindication,market trend,worry
下品げひんvulgarity,meanness,indecency,coarseness
煙いけむいsmoky
蹴るけるto kick
けれど/けれどもbut,however
険しいけわしいinaccessible place,sharp eyes
見学けんがくinspection,study by observation,field trip
謙虚けんきょmodesty,humility
原稿げんこうmanuscript,copy
原産げんさんplace of origin,habitat
原始げんしorigin,primeval
研修けんしゅうtraining
厳重げんじゅうstrict,rigour,severe,firm
謙遜けんそんhumble,humility,modesty
県庁けんちょうprefectural office
限度げんどlimit,bounds
現にげんにactually,really
顕微鏡けんびきょうmicroscope
原理げんりprinciple,theory,fundamental truth
原料げんりょうraw materials
Go (board game of capturing territory)
恋しいこいしい(1) dear,beloved,darling,(2) yearned for
請うこうto ask,to request
工員こういんfactory worker
強引ごういんoverbearing,coercive,pushy,forcible,high-handed
公害こうがいpublic nuisance,pollution
高級こうきゅうhigh class,high grade
公共こうきょうpublic,community,public service,society,communal
工芸こうげいindustrial arts
孝行こうこうfilial piety
交差こうさcross
講師こうしlecturer
工事こうじconstruction work
公式こうしきformula,formality,official
口実こうじつexcuse
こうしてこうしてthus
校舎こうしゃschool building
公衆こうしゅうthe public
香水こうすいperfume
公正こうせいjustice,fairness,impartiality
功績こうせきachievements,merit,meritorious service,meritorious deed
光線こうせんbeam,light ray
高層こうそうupper
構造こうぞうstructure,construction
交替こうたいalternation,change,relief,relay,shift
耕地こうちarable land
交通機関こうつうきかんtransportation facilities
校庭こうていcampus
肯定こうていpositive,affirmation
高度こうどaltitude,height,advanced
高等こうとうhigh class,high grade
合同ごうどうcombination,incorporation,union,amalgamation
後輩こうはいjunior (at work or school)
公表こうひょうofficial announcement,proclamation
鉱物こうぶつmineral
公務こうむofficial business,public business
項目こうもくitem
紅葉こうよう(1) (Japanese) maple
合理ごうりrational
交流こうりゅうalternating current,intercourse,(cultural) exchange,intermingling
合流ごうりゅうconfluence,union,linking up,merge
効力こうりょくeffect,efficacy,validity,potency
超えるこえるto exceed,to cross over,to cross
コースcourse
コーラスchorus
焦がすこがすto burn,to scorch,to singe,to char
国王こくおうking
国籍こくせきnationality
国立こくりつnational
ごくろうさまThank you very much for your....
焦げるこげるto burn,to be burned
凍えるこごえるto freeze,to be chilled,to be frozen
心当たりこころあたりhaving some knowledge of,happening to know
心得るこころえるto be informed,to have thorough knowledge
腰掛けこしかけseat,bench
腰掛けるこしかけるto sit (down)
五十音ごじゅうおんthe Japanese syllabary
胡椒こしょうpepper
こしらえるto make,to manufacture
超すこすto cross,to pass,to tide over
擦るこするto rub,to chafe,to file,to frost (glass),to strike (match)
ごぞんじですか
個体こたいan individual
御馳走ごちそうfeast,treating (someone)
ごちそうさまfeast
こちらこそit is I who should say so
小遣いこづかいpersonal expenses,pocket money,spending money,incidental expenses,allowance
コック(1) cook (nl:),(2) tap,spigot,faucet,cock
こっそりstealthily,secretly
古典こてんold book,classics,classic
ことKoto (Japanese harp)
言付けることづけるto send word,to send a message
言葉遣いことばづかいspeech,expression,wording
こないだthe other day,lately,recently
御無沙汰ごぶさたnot writing or contacting for a while
こぼすto spill
こぼれるto overflow,to spill
塵芥ごみtrash,rubbish
ゴムgum,rubber,eraser
御免ごめんyour pardon,declining (something),dismissal,permission
ごめんくださいMay I come in?
小指こゆびlittle finger
こらえるto bear,to stand,to endure,to put up with
娯楽ごらくpleasure,amusement
御覧ごらん(hon) look,inspection,try
コレクション(1) collection,(2) correction
転がすころがすto roll
転がるころがるto roll,to tumble
こんnavy blue,deep blue
コンクールcontest (fr: concours)
コンクリートconcrete
混合こんごうmixing,mixture
コンセント(1) consent,(2) concentric
献立こんだてmenu,program,schedule
こんばんはgood evening
サークルcircle,sports club (i.e. at a company)
在学ざいがく(enrolled) in school
再三さいさんagain and again,repeatedly
祭日さいじつnational holiday,festival day
催促さいそくrequest,demand,claim,urge (action),press for
採点さいてんmarking,grading,looking over
災難さいなんcalamity,misfortune
裁縫さいほうsewing
材木ざいもくlumber,timber
サイレンsiren
逆ささかさreverse,inversion,upside down
逆様さかさまinversion,upside down
捜すさがすto search,to seek,to look for
遡るさかのぼるto go back,to go upstream,to make retroactive
酒場さかばbar,bar-room
さきおとといtwo days before yesterday
先程さきほどsome time ago
裂くさくto tear,to split
索引さくいんindex,indices
作者さくしゃauthor,authoress
削除さくじょelimination,cancellation,deletion,erasure
作成さくせいframe,draw up,make,producing
作製さくせいmanufacture
探るさぐるto search,to look for,to sound out
囁くささやくto whisper,to murmur
刺さるささるto stick,to be stuck
さじspoon
座敷ざしきtatami room
差し支えさしつかえhindrance,impediment
差し引きさしひきdeduction,subtraction,balance,ebb and flow,rise and fall
刺身さしみsliced raw fish
刺すさすto pierce,to stab,to prick,to thrust
挿すさすto insert,to put in,to graft,to wear in belt
注すさすto pour (drink),to serve (drinks)
射すさすto shine,to strike
流石さすがclever,adept,good,expectations,as one would expect
撮影さつえいphotographing
雑音ざつおんnoise (jarring, grating)
さっさとquickly
早速さっそくat once,immediately,without delay,promptly
さびrust (colour)
錆びるさびるto rust,to become rusty
座布団ざぶとんcushion (Japanese)
冷ますさますto cool,to dampen,to let cool
妨げるさまたげるto disturb,to prevent
冷めるさめるto become cool,to wear off,to abate,to subside
さようならgood-bye
再来月さらいげつmonth after next
再来週さらいしゅうweek after next
再来年さらいねんyear after next
サラリーマンsalary man,company employee
騒がしいさわがしいnoisy
さわやかfresh,refreshing,invigorating
三角さんかくtriangle,triangular
算数さんすうarithmetic
酸性さんせいacidity
産地さんちproducing area
サンプルsample
山林さんりんmountain forest,mountains and forest
仕上がるしあがるto be finished
しあさってtwo days after tomorrow
シーズンseason (sporting)
シーツsheet
寺院じいんtemple
しいんと(する)silent (as the grave),(deathly) quiet
自衛じえいself-defense
塩辛いしおからいsalty (taste)
司会しかいchairmanship
四角しかくsquare
四角いしかくいsquare
時間割じかんわりtimetable,schedule
四季しきfour seasons
敷地しきちsite
至急しきゅうurgent,pressing
敷くしくto spread out,to lay out
茂るしげるto grow thick,to luxuriate,to be luxurious
持参じさんbringing,taking,carrying
磁石じしゃくmagnet
四捨五入ししゃごにゅうrounding up (fractions)
始終しじゅうcontinuously,from beginning to end
自習じしゅうself-study
静まるしずまるto quieten down,to calm down,to subside
姿勢しせいattitude,posture
自然科学しぜんかがくnatural science
時速じそくspeed (per hour)
子孫しそんdescendants,posterity,offspring
死体したいcorpse
下書きしたがきrough copy,draft
下町したまちShitamachi,lower parts of town
自治じちself-government,autonomy
実感じっかんfeelings (actual, true)
湿気しっけmoisture,humidity,dampness
湿気しっきmoisture,humidity,dampness
しつこいinsistent,obstinate
実習じっしゅうpractice,training
実績じっせきachievements,actual results
湿度しつどlevel of humidity
執筆しっぴつwriting
実物じつぶつreal thing,original
しっぽtail (animal)
実用じつようpractical use,utility
実力じつりょくmerit,efficiency,arms,force
実例じつれいexample,illustration
失恋しつれんdisappointed love,broken heart,unrequited love,be lovelorn
指定していdesignation,specification,assignment,pointing at
私鉄してつprivate railway
児童じどうchildren,juvenile
縛るしばるto tie,to bind
地盤じばん(the) ground
しびれるto become numb,to go to sleep (i.e., a limb)
紙幣しへいpaper money,notes,bills
しぼむto wither,to fade (away),to shrivel,to wilt
絞るしぼるto press,to wring,to squeeze
しまstripe
地味じみplain,simple
しみじみkeenly,deeply,heartily
氏名しめいfull name,identity
締切しめきりclosing,cut-off,end,deadline,Closed,No Entrance
締め切るしめきるto shut up
湿るしめるto be wet,to become wet,to be damp
ジャーナリストjournalist
社会科学しゃかいかがくsocial science
しゃがむto squat
蛇口じゃぐちfaucet,tap
弱点じゃくてんweak point,weakness
車庫しゃこgarage,car shed
車掌しゃしょう(train) conductor
写生しゃせいsketching,drawing from nature
社説しゃせつeditorial,leading article
しゃっくりhiccough,hiccup
シャッターshutter
しゃぶるto suck,to chew
車輪しゃりん(car) wheel
洒落しゃれjoke,pun,witticism
じゃんけん(n) rock-scissors-paper game
集会しゅうかいmeeting,assembly
住居じゅうきょdwelling,house,residence,address
集金しゅうきんmoney collection
集合しゅうごうgathering,assembly,meeting,set (math)
習字しゅうじpenmanship
修繕しゅうぜんrepair,mending
重体じゅうたいseriously ill,serious condition,critical state
じゅうたん(カーペット)carpet
終点しゅうてんterminus,last stop (e.g train)
重点じゅうてんimportant point,lay stress on,colon,emphasis
就任しゅうにんinauguration,assumption of office
周辺しゅうへんcircumference,outskirts,environs,(computer) peripheral
重役じゅうやくdirector,high executive
終了しゅうりょうend,close,termination
重量じゅうりょう(1) weight,(2) heavyweight boxer
重力じゅうりょくgravity
熟語じゅくごidiom,idiomatic phrase,kanji compound
祝日しゅくじつnational holiday
縮小しゅくしょうreduction,curtailment
受験じゅけんtaking an examination
主語しゅご(gram) subject
出勤しゅっきんgoing to work,at work
述語じゅつごpredicate
出張しゅっちょうofficial tour,business trip
寿命じゅみょうlife span
主役しゅやくleading part,leading actor (actress)
受話器じゅわき(telephone) receiver
循環じゅんかんcirculation,rotation,cycle
巡査じゅんさpolice,policeman
順々じゅんじゅんin order,in turn
順序じゅんじょorder,sequence,procedure
純情じゅんじょうpure heart,naivete,self-sacrificing devotion
純粋じゅんすいpure,true,genuine,unmixed
消化しょうかdigestion
小学生しょうがくせいgrade school student
しょうがない
将棋しょうぎJapanese chess
蒸気じょうきsteam,vapour
定規じょうぎ(measuring) ruler
上級じょうきゅうadvanced level,high grade,senior
商業しょうぎょうcommerce,trade,business
消極的しょうきょくてきpassive
賞金しょうきんprize,monetary award
上下じょうげhigh and low,up and down,unloading and loading,praising and blaming
障子しょうじpaper sliding door
商社しょうしゃtrading company,firm
乗車じょうしゃtaking a train,entraining
上旬じょうじゅんfirst 10 days of month
生ずるしょうずるto cause,to arise,to be generated
小数しょうすうfraction (part of),decimal
商店しょうてんshop,business firm
焦点しょうてんfocus,point
消毒しょうどくdisinfection,sterilization
勝敗しょうはいvictory or defeat,issue (of battle)
蒸発じょうはつevaporation,unexplained disappearance
賞品しょうひんprize,trophy
勝負しょうぶvictory or defeat,match,contest,game,bout
小便しょうべん(col) urine,piss
消防署しょうぼうしょfire station
正味しょうみnet (weight)
正面しょうめんthe front,honesty
消耗しょうもうexhaustion,consumption
醤油しょうゆsoy sauce
省略しょうりゃくomission,abbreviation,abridgment
初級しょきゅうelementary level
助教授じょきょうじゅassistant professor
食塩しょくえんtable salt
職人しょくにんworker,mechanic,artisan,craftsman
初旬しょじゅんfirst 10 days of the month
書籍しょせきbook,publication
食器しょっきtableware
ショップa shop
書店しょてんbookshop
書道しょどうcalligraphy
白髪しらがwhite or grey hair,trendy hair bleaching
知合いしりあいacquaintance
シリーズseries
私立しりつprivate (establishment)
資料しりょうmaterials,data
しるjuice,sap,soup,broth
素人しろうとamateur,novice
しんcore,heart,wick,marrow
新幹線しんかんせんbullet train (very high speed),shinkansen
真空しんくうvacuum,hollow,empty
信ずるしんずるto believe,to believe in,to place trust in
心身しんしんmind and body
申請しんせいapplication,request,petition
人造じんぞうman-made,synthetic,artificial
寝台しんだいbed,couch
診断しんだんdiagnosis
侵入しんにゅうpenetration,invasion,raid,aggression,trespass
人文科学じんぶんかがくsocial sciences,humanities
人命じんめい(human) life
深夜しんやlate at night
森林しんりんforest,woods
親類しんるいrelation,kin
針路しんろcourse,direction,compass bearing
神話しんわmyth,legend
vinegar
水産すいさんmarine products,fisheries
炊事すいじcooking,culinary arts
水蒸気すいじょうきwater vapour,steam
水素すいそhydrogen
垂直すいちょくvertical,perpendicular
推定すいていpresumption,assumption,estimation
水滴すいてきdrop of water
水筒すいとうcanteen,flask,water bottle
随筆ずいひつessays,miscellaneous writings
水分すいぶんmoisture
水平すいへいwater level,horizon
水平線すいへいせんhorizon
水曜すいようWednesday
ずうずうしいimpudent,shameless
ずうっと
末っ子すえっこyoungest child
スカーフscarf
図鑑ずかんpicture book
すぎJapanese cedar
好き嫌いすききらいlikes and dislikes,taste
好き好きすきずきmatter of taste
透き通るすきとおるto be(come) transparent
隙間すきまcrevice,crack,gap,opening
スクールschool
すくなくともat least
図形ずけいfigure
スケジュールschedule
すずbell
涼むすずむto cool oneself,to cool off,to enjoy evening cool
スタートstart
スチュワーデスstewardess
すっきりshapely,clear,neat
すっぱいsour,acid
ステージ(1) stage,(2) performance
棄てるすてる
ストッキングstockings
ストップstop
素直すなおobedient,meek,docile,unaffected
頭脳ずのうhead,brains,intellect
スピーカーspeaker
図表ずひょうchart,diagram,graph
スマートsmart,stylish,slim
住まいすまいdwelling,house,residence,address
すまないsorry (phrase)
すみink
澄むすむto clear (e.g. weather),to become transparent
清むすむ
相撲すもうsumo wrestling
スライドslide
ずらすto put off,to delay
ずらり
掏摸すりpickpocket
刷るするto print
狡いずるいsly,cunning
すれちがうto pass by one another,to disagree
滑れるずれる
寸法すんぽうmeasurement,size,dimension
せいsurname,family name
税関ぜいかんcustoms house
製作せいさくmanufacture,production
制作せいさくwork (film, book)
性質せいしつnature,property,disposition
清書せいしょclean copy
青少年せいしょうねんyouth,young person
整数せいすうinteger
清掃せいそうcleaning
生存せいぞんexistence,being,survival
生長せいちょうgrowth,increment
政党せいとう(member of) political party
生年月日せいねんがっぴbirth date
性能せいのうability,efficiency
整備せいびadjustment,completion,consolidation
成分せいぶんingredient,component,composition
性別せいべつdistinction by sex,sex,gender
正方形せいほうけいsquare
正門せいもんmain gate,main entrance
成立せいりつcoming into existence,arrangements,establishment,completion
西暦せいれきChristian Era,anno domini (A.D.)
背負うせおうto be burdened with,to carry on back or shoulder
赤道せきどうequator
折角せっかくwith trouble,at great pains,long-awaited
接近せっきんgetting closer,drawing nearer,approaching
石鹸せっけんsoap
接するせっするto come in contact with,to connect,to attend,to receive
せっせと
接続せつぞく(1) connection,union,join,link,(2) changing trains
瀬戸物せとものearthenware,crockery,china
ぜひともby all means (with sense of not taking no for an answer)
迫るせまるto draw near,to press
ゼミ(n) seminar
せめてoffense,method of attack
攻めるせめるto attack,to assault
セメントcement
せんstopper,cork,stopcock
前後ぜんごaround,throughout,front and back,before and behind,before and after
洗剤せんざいdetergent,washing material
全集ぜんしゅうcomplete works
全身ぜんしんthe whole body,full-length (portrait)
扇子せんすfolding fan
専制せんせいdespotism,autocracy
先々月せんせんげつmonth before last
先々週せんせんしゅう
先祖せんぞancestor
先端せんたんpointed end,tip,fine point
センチcentimeter,centi-,10^-2
宣伝せんでんpropaganda,publicity
先頭せんとうhead,lead,vanguard,first
全般ぜんぱん(the) whole,universal,wholly,general
扇風機せんぷうきelectric fan
線路せんろline,track,roadbed
相違そういdifference,discrepancy,variation
そういえばwhich reminds me ..
雑巾ぞうきんhouse-cloth,dust cloth
増減ぞうげんincrease and decrease,fluctuation
倉庫そうこstorehouse,warehouse,godown
相互そうごmutual,reciprocal
創作そうさくproduction,literary creation,work
葬式そうしきfuneral
そうしてand,like that
造船ぞうせんshipbuilding
騒々しいそうぞうしいnoisy,boisterous
増大ぞうだいenlargement
そうっと
送別そうべつfarewell,send-off
草履ぞうりzoori (Japanese footwear),sandals
総理大臣そうりだいじんPrime Minister
送料そうりょうpostage,carriage
属するぞくするto belong to,to come under,to be affiliated with,to be subject to
続々ぞくぞくsuccessively,one after another
速達そくたつexpress,special delivery
測定そくていmeasurement
測量そくりょうmeasurement,surveying
速力そくりょくspeed
素質そしつcharacter,qualities,genius
祖先そせんancestor
そそっかしいcareless,thoughtless
卒直そっちょくfrankness,candour,openheartedness
具えるそなえるto be furnished with
そのうえin addition,furthermore
そのころ
そのためhence,for that reason
そのほかotherwise
蕎麦そばsoba (buckwheat noodles)
剃るそるto shave
それなのに
逸れるそれるto stray (turn) from subject,to get lost,to go astray
揃うそろうto become complete,to be equal,to be all present,to gather
揃えるそろえるto put things in order,to arrange,to make uniform,to get something ready
算盤そろばんabacus
存じるぞんじる(hum) to know
存ずるぞんずる
損得そんとくloss and gain,advantage and disadvantage
田ぼたんぼpaddy field,farm
だいいち(副)first,foremost,# 1
退院たいいんleaving hospital
大学院だいがくいんgraduate school
大工だいくcarpenter
体系たいけいsystem,organization
太鼓たいこdrum,tambourine
対策たいさくcounter-plan,counter-measure
大してたいして(not so) much,(not) very
対照たいしょうcontrast,antithesis,comparison
大小だいしょうsize
体制たいせいorder,system,structure,set-up,organization
体積たいせきcapacity,volume
大層たいそうvery much,exaggerated,very fine
体操たいそうgymnastics,physical exercises,calisthenics
大分だいぶんconsiderably,greatly,a lot
大木たいぼくlarge tree
題名だいめいtitle
代名詞だいめいしpronoun
タイアtire,tyre
ダイヤグラムdiagram
ダイヤモンドdiamond
ダイヤルdial
Ͼ立たいりつconfrontation,opposition,antagonism
田植えたうえrice planting
絶えずたえずconstantly
楕円だえんellipse
高めるたかめるto raise,to lift,to boost
耕すたがやすto till,to plow,to cultivate
たきwaterfall
炊くたくto boil,to cook
焚くたくto burn,to kindle,to build a fire
蓄えるたくわえるto store,to lay in stock
たけbamboo,middle (of a three-tier ranking system)
助かるたすかるto be saved,to be rescued,to survive,to be helpful
ただfree of charge,mere,sole,only,usual,common
但しただしbut,however,provided that
畳むたたむto fold (clothes)
立ち止まるたちどまるto stop,to halt,to stand still
たちまちat once,in a moment,suddenly,all at once
建つたつto erect,to be erected,to be built
発つたつto depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
脱線だっせんderailment,digression
妥当だとうvalid,proper,right,appropriate
例えるたとえるto compare,to liken,to speak figuratively,to illustrate,to use a simile
頼もしいたのもしいreliable,trustworthy,hopeful,promising
足袋たびtabi,Japanese socks (with split toe)
ダブルdouble
だますto trick,to cheat,to deceive
溜まるたまるto collect,to gather,to save
ダムdumb
溜息ためいきa sigh
ためらうto hesitate
溜めるためるto amass,to accumulate
だらしないslovenly,loose,a slut
足るたるto be sufficient,to be enough
段階だんかいgradation,grade,stage
短期たんきshort term
炭鉱たんこうcoal mine,coal pit
短所たんしょ(1) defect,demerit,weak point,(2) disadvantage
たんすchest of drawers
淡水たんすいfresh water
断水だんすいwater outage
単数たんすうsingular (number)
団地だんちmulti-unit apartments
断定だんていconclusion,decision
短編たんぺんshort (e.g. story, film)
誓うちかうto swear,to vow,to take an oath,to pledge
地下水ちかすいunderground water
近々ちかぢかnearness,before long
近付けるちかづけるto bring near,to put close,to let come near,to associate with
近寄るちかよるto approach,to draw near
力強いちからづよいreassuring,emboldened
ちぎるto cut up fine,to pick (fruit)
地質ちしつgeological features
知人ちじんfriend,acquaintance
地帯ちたいarea,zone
縮むちぢむto shrink,to be contracted
縮めるちぢめるto shorten,to reduce,to boil down,to shrink
縮れるちぢれるto be wavy,to be curled
チップ(1) gratuity,tip,(2) chip
地点ちてんsite,point on a map
地名ちめいplace name
茶色いちゃいろい
着々ちゃくちゃくsteadily
茶碗ちゃわんrice bowl,tea cup,teacup
中間ちゅうかんmiddle,midway,interim
中旬ちゅうじゅんsecond third of a month
抽象ちゅうしょうabstract
中世ちゅうせいMiddle Ages,mediaeval times
中性ちゅうせいneuter gender,neutral (chem.),indifference,sterility
中途ちゅうとin the middle,half-way
中年ちゅうねんmiddle-aged
超過ちょうかexcess,being more than
彫刻ちょうこくcarving,engraving,sculpture
長所ちょうしょ(1) strong point,merit,(2) advantage
長女ちょうじょeldest daughter
調整ちょうせいregulation,adjustment,tuning
調節ちょうせつregulation,adjustment,control
長短ちょうたんlength,long and short,+-
頂点ちょうてんtop,summit
長男ちょうなんeldest son
長方形ちょうほうけいrectangle,oblong
調味料ちょうみりょうcondiment,seasoning
チョークchock,chalk
直後ちょくごimmediately following
直線ちょくせんstraight line
直前ちょくぜんjust before
直通ちょくつうdirect communication
直流ちょくりゅうdirect current
貯蔵ちょぞうstorage,preservation
直角ちょっかくright angle
直径ちょっけいdiameter
散らかすちらかすto scatter around,to leave untidy
散らかるちらかるto be in disorder,to lie scattered around
散らすちらすto scatter,to disperse,to distribute
塵紙ちりがみtissue paper,toilet paper
散るちるto fall,to scatter (e.g. blossoms)
追加ついかaddition,supplement,appendix
ついでopportunity,occasion
通貨つうかcurrency
通勤つうきんcommuting to work
通ずるつうずる
通知つうちnotice,notification
通帳つうちょうpassbook
通訳つうやくinterpretation
通用つうようpopular use,circulation
通路つうろpassage,pathway
付合うつきあうto associate with,to keep company with,to get on with
突き当たりつきあたりend (e.g. of street)
突き当たるつきあたるto run into,to collide with
月日つきひtime,years,days
点くつくto catch fire,(electricity) comes on
突くつく(1) to thrust,to strike,(2) to poke
次ぐつぐto rank next to,to come after
作る/造るつくるto make,to create
着けるつける(1) to attach,to join,to add,to append
点けるつけるto turn on,to switch on,to light up
浸けるつけるto dip in,to soak
伝わるつたわるto be handed down,to be introduced,to be transmitted
突っ込むつっこむto plunge into,to go into deeply
務めるつとめる(1) to serve,to fill a post,to serve under,to work (for)
努めるつとめる(1) to serve,to fill a post,to serve under,to work (for)
つなrope
繋がりつながりconnection,link,relationship
繋がるつながるto be tied together,to be connected to,to be related to
繋げるつなげるto connect
つぶgrain
潰すつぶすto smash,to waste
潰れるつぶれるto be smashed,to go bankrupt
つまずくto stumble,to trip
詰まるつまるto be blocked,to be packed
積むつむto pile up,to stack
つめfingernail or toenail,claw,talon,hoof
つやgloss,glaze
強気つよきfirm,strong
釣り合うつりあうto balance,to be in harmony,to suit
吊るつるto hang
吊すつるすto hang
出合いであいan encounter
手洗いてあらいrestroom,lavatory,hand-washing
定員ていいんfixed number of regular personnel,capacity (of boat, etc.)
定価ていかestablished price
低下ていかfall,decline,lowering,deterioration
定期券ていきけんcommuter pass,season ticket
定休日ていきゅうびregular holiday
停止ていしsuspension,interruption,stoppage,ban
停車ていしゃstopping (e.g. train)
停電ていでんfailure of electricity
出入りでいりin and out,coming and going,free association,income and expenditure,debits and credit
出入口でいりぐちexit and entrance
手入れていれrepairs,maintenance
テーマ(n) theme,project,topic (de: Thema)
出掛けるでかけるto depart,to set out,to start,to be going out
出来上がりできあがりbe finished,ready,made for,cut out
出来上がるできあがる(1) to be finished,to be ready,by definition,(2) to be very drunk
的確てきかくprecise,accurate
適確てきかくprecise,accurate
手首てくびwrist
凸凹でこぼこunevenness,roughness,ruggedness
手頃てごろmoderate,handy
でたらめ(1) irresponsible utterance,nonsense,nonsensical,(2) random
手帳てちょうnotebook
鉄橋てっきょうrailway bridge,iron bridge
手続きてつづきprocedure,(legal) process,formalities
鉄砲てっぽうgun
テニスコートtennis court
手拭いてぬぐい(hand) towel
手前てまえbefore,this side,we,you
出迎えでむかえmeeting,reception
出迎えるでむかえるto meet,to greet
照らすてらすto shine on,to illuminate
照るてるto shine
展開てんかいdevelop,expansion (opposite of compression)
伝記でんきbiography,life story
電球でんきゅうlight bulb
点数てんすうmarks,points,score,runs
伝染でんせんcontagion
電池でんちbattery
点々てんてんhere and there,little by little
転々てんてん
電柱でんちゅうtelephone pole,telegraph pole,lightpole
天皇てんのうEmperor of Japan
電波でんぱelectro-magnetic wave
テンポtempo
電流でんりゅうelectric current
電力でんりょくelectric power
問い合わせといあわせenquiry,ENQ
どうcopper
統一とういつunity,consolidation,uniformity
同格どうかくthe same rank,equality,apposition
とうげridge,(mountain) pass,difficult part
統計とうけいscattering,a scatter,dispersion
動作どうさaction,movements,motions,bearing,behaviour,manners
東西とうざいEast and West,whole country
当日とうじつappointed day,very day
投書とうしょletter to the editor,letter from a reader,contribution
登場とうじょうentry (on stage)
どうせanyhow,in any case,at any rate
どうぞよろしくpleased to meet you
灯台とうだいlighthouse
盗難とうなんtheft,robbery
当番とうばんbeing on duty
等分とうぶんdivision into equal parts
透明とうめいtransparency,cleanness
灯油とうゆlamp oil,kerosene
東洋とうようOrient
童話どうわfairy tale
通り掛かるとおりかかるto happen to pass by
溶かすとかすto melt,to dissolve
尖るとがるto taper to a point,to become sharp,to be sour,to look displeased
どきどきthrob,beat (fast)
溶くとくto dissolve (paint)
退くどく(1) to retreat,to recede,to withdraw
特殊とくしゅspecial,unique
特色とくしょくcharacteristic,feature
特長とくちょうforte,merit
特定とくていspecific,special,particular
特売とくばいspecial sale
溶け込むとけこむto melt into
溶けるとけるto melt,to thaw,to fuse,to dissolve
退けるどけるto remove,to take away,to dislodge,to put something out of the way
床の間とこのまalcove
床屋とこやbarber
所々ところどころhere and there,some parts (of something)
都心としんheart (of city)
戸棚とだなcupboard,locker,closet,wardrobe
とっくにlong ago,already,a long time ago
どっとsuddenly
整うととのうto be prepared,to be in order,to be put in order,to be arranged
留まるとどまる(1) to be fixed,(2) to abide,to stay (in the one place)
どなるto shout,to yell
飛び込むとびこむto jump in,to leap in,to plunge into,to dive
跳ぶとぶto jump,to fly,to leap
留まるとまる(1) to be fixed,(2) to abide,to stay (in the one place)
泊めるとめるto give shelter to,to lodge
ともかくanyhow,anyway,somehow or other,generally speaking,in any case
捕えるとらえるto seize,to grasp,to capture,to arrest
取り入れるとりいれるto harvest,to take in,to adopt
取り消すとりけすto cancel
取り出すとりだすto take out,to produce,to pick out
採るとる(1) to adopt (measure, proposal),(2) to pick (fruit)
捕るとるto take,to catch (fish),to capture
トレーニングtraining
どんぶりporcelain bowl,bowl of rice with food on top
内科ないかinternist clinic,internal medicine
内線ないせんphone extension,indoor wiring,inner line
ナイロンnylon
治すなおすto cure,to heal,to fix,to correct,to repair
永いながいlong,lengthy
仲直りなかなおりreconciliation,make peace with
長引くながびくto be prolonged,to drag on
中身なかみcontents,interior,substance,filling,(sword) blade
中味なかみcontents,interior,substance,filling,(sword) blade
中指なかゆびmiddle finger
仲良しなかよしintimate friend,bosom buddy,chum
慰めるなぐさめるto comfort,to console
亡くすなくすto lose someone, wife, child, etc
なぐるto strike,to hit
為すなすto accomplish,to do
謎謎なぞなぞriddle,puzzle,enigma
傾らかなだらか
懐かしいなつかしいdear,desired,missed
撫でるなでるto brush gently,to stroke
斜めななめobliqueness
なにしろat any rate,anyhow,anyway,in any case
何々なになにsuch and such,What?
何分なにぶんwhat minute?,how many minutes?
生意気なまいきimpertinent,saucy,cheeky,conceit,audacious,brazen
並木なみきroadside tree,row of trees
倣うならうto imitate,to follow,to emulate
鳴らすならすto ring,to sound,to chime,to beat,to snort (nose)
生るなるto bear fruit
馴れるなれるto become domesticated,to become tame
南極なんきょくsouth pole,Antarctic
なんとなくsomehow or other,for some reason or another
なんともnothing (with neg. verb),quite,not a bit
ナンバーnumber
南米なんべいSouth America
南北なんぼくsouth and north
煮えるにえるto boil,to cook,to be cooked
匂うにおうto be fragrant,to smell,to stink
逃がすにがすto let loose,to set free,to let escape
憎いにくいhateful,abominable,poor-looking,detestable
憎むにくむto hate,to detest
憎らしいにくらしいodious,hateful
にこにこ
濁るにごるto become muddy,to get impure
にじrainbow
日時にちじdate and time
日用品にちようひんdaily necessities
日課にっかdaily lesson,daily work,daily routine
日程にっていagenda
鈍いにぶいdull (e.g. a knife),thickheaded,slow (opposite of fast),stupid
入社にゅうしゃentry to a company
女房にょうぼうwife
睨むにらむto glare at,to scowl at,to keep an eye on
煮るにるto boil,to cook
にわかsudden,abrupt,unexpected,improvised,offhand
縫うぬうto sew
濡らすぬらすto wet,to soak,to dip
ねじ(a) screw
捩るねじるto twist
ネックレスnecklace
熱するねっするto heat
寝間着ねまきsleep-wear,nightclothes,pyjamas,nightgown,nightdress
寝巻ねまきsleep-wear,nightclothes,pyjamas,nightgown,nightdress
狙いねらいaim
狙うねらうto aim at
年度ねんどyear,fiscal year,school year,term
農産物のうさんぶつagricultural produce
農村のうそんagricultural community,farm village,rural
濃度のうどconcentration,brightness
農薬のうやくagricultural chemicals
能率のうりつefficiency
のこぎりsaw
残らずのこらずall,entirely,completely,without exception
載せるのせるto place on (something),to take on board,to give a ride
覗くのぞくto peep in,to look in,to peek in,to stick out
延ばすのばすto lengthen,to stretch,to reach out,to grow (beard)
延びるのびるto be prolonged
上りのぼりup-train (going to Tokyo),ascent
上るのぼるto ascend,to go up,to climb
のりpaste,starch
乗換のりかえ(n) transfer (trains, buses, etc.)
載るのるto appear (in print),to be recorded
鈍いのろいdull (e.g. a knife),thickheaded,slow (opposite of fast),stupid
のろのろslowly,sluggishly
呑気のんきcarefree,optimistic,careless,reckless,heedless
灰色はいいろgrey,gray,ashen
俳句はいくhaiku poetry
拝見はいけん(hum) (pol) seeing,look at
売店ばいてんshop,stand
バイバイ
売買ばいばいtrade,buying and selling
這うはうto creep,to crawl
生えるはえる(1) to grow,to spring up,(2) to cut (teeth)
剥すはがす(v5s) to tear off,to peel off,to rip off
ばからしいabsurd
はかりscales,weighing machine
量るはかるto measure,to weigh,to survey
測るはかるto measure,to weigh,to survey
吐き気はきけnausea,sickness in the stomach
はきはきlucidly
掃くはくto sweep,to brush,to gather up
歯車はぐるまgear,cog-wheel
バケツbucket,pail
挟まるはさまるto get between,to be caught in
挟むはさむto interpose,to hold between,to insert
はしchopsticks
梯子はしごladder,stairs
始めにはじめにto begin with,first of all
初めにはじめに
はじめましてHow do you do?,I am glad to meet you
はす
外れるはずれるto be disconnected,to get out of place,to be off,to be out (e.g. of gear)
パターンpattern
肌着はだぎunderwear
果してはたしてas was expected,really
はちa bowl,a pot
×ばつ
発揮はっきexhibition,demonstration,utilization,display
バックback
発射はっしゃfiring,shooting,discharge,catapult
発想はっそうexpression (music),conceptualization
発電はつでんgeneration (e.g. power)
発売はつばいsale
派手はでshowy,loud,gay,flashy,gaudy
話合いはなしあいdiscussion,conference
話し掛けるはなしかけるto accost a person,to talk (to someone)
話中はなしちゅうwhile talking,the line is busy
甚だしいはなはだしいextreme,excessive,terrible
花火はなびfireworks
花嫁はなよめbride
放れるはなれるto leave,to get free,to cut oneself off
羽根はねshuttlecock
ばねspring (e.g. coil, leaf)
跳ねるはねるto jump,to leap
破片はへんfragment,splinter,broken piece
歯磨きはみがきdentifrice,toothpaste
はめる(col) to get in,to insert,to put on,to make love
早口はやくちfast-talking
流行るはやるto flourish,to thrive,to be popular,to come into fashion
払い込むはらいこむto deposit,to pay in
払い戻すはらいもどすto repay,to pay back
バランスbalance
針金はりがねwire
張り切るはりきるto be in high spirits,to be full of vigor
反映はんえいreflection,influence
半径はんけいradius
判子はんこseal (used for signature)
万歳ばんざいhurrah, cheers
判事はんじjudge,judiciary
反省はんせいreflection,reconsideration,introspection,meditation,contemplation
番地ばんちhouse number,address
パンツunderpants
バンドband
半島はんとうpeninsula
ハンドルhandle,steering wheel
日当たりひあたりexposure to the sun,sunny place
日帰りひがえりday trip
比較的ひかくてきcomparatively,relatively
日陰ひかげshadow
ぴかぴかglitter,sparkle
引受るひきうけるto undertake,to take up,to take over
引返すひきかえすto repeat,to send back,to bring back
引算ひきざんsubtraction
引出すひきだすto pull out,to take out,to draw out,to withdraw
引き止めるひきとめるto detain,to check,to restrain
卑怯ひきょうcowardice,meanness,unfairness
引分けひきわけa draw (in competition),tie game
ひげmoustache,beard,whiskers
陽射ひざしsunlight,rays of the sun
ひじelbow
ピストルpistol
ビタミンvitamin
ぴたり
引っ掛かるひっかかるto be caught in,to be stuck in,to be cheated
筆記ひっき(taking) notes,copying
引っ繰り返すひっくりかえすto turn over,to overturn,to knock over,to upset,to turn inside out
引っ繰り返るひっくりかえるto be overturned,to be upset,to topple over,to be reversed
引越しひっこしmoving (dwelling etc.),changing residence
引っ込むひっこむto draw back,to sink,to cave in
筆者ひっしゃwriter,author
必需品ひつじゅひんnecessities,necessary article,requisite,essential
人差指ひとさしゆびindex finger
一通りひととおりordinary,usual,in general,briefly
人通りひとどおりpedestrian traffic
ひとまずfor the present,once,in outline
ひとみpupil (of eye)
一休みひとやすみa rest
独り言ひとりごとa soliloquy,a monologue,speaking to oneself
ひとりでにby itself,automatically,naturally
ビニールvinyl
皮肉ひにくcynicism,sarcasm
日日ひにちevery day,daily,day after day
捻るひねるto turn (a switch) on or off,to twist,to puzzle over
日の入りひのいりsunset
日の出ひのでsunrise
響きひびきecho,sound,reverberation,noise
響くひびくto resound
皮膚ひふskin
冷やすひやすto cool,to refrigerate
ひゃっかじてんencyclopedia
美容びようbeauty of figure or form
表紙ひょうしfront cover,binding
標識ひょうしきsign,mark
標準ひょうじゅんstandard,level
標本ひょうほんexample,specimen
評論ひょうろんcriticism,critique
平仮名ひらがなhiragana,47 syllables,the cursive syllabary
ビルディングbuilding
昼寝ひるねnap (at home),siesta
広げるひろげるto spread,to extend,to expand,to enlarge
広さひろさextent
広場ひろばplaza
広々ひろびろextensive,spacious
広めるひろめるto broaden,to propagate
ピンクpink
便箋びんせんwriting paper,stationery
瓶詰びんづめbottling,bottled
ファスナーfastener,zipper
風船ふうせんballoon
不運ふうんunlucky,misfortune,bad luck,fate
殖えるふえるto increase,to multiply
深まるふかまるto deepen,to heighten,to intensify
不規則ふきそくirregularity,unsteadiness,disorderly
普及ふきゅうdiffusion,spread
付近ふきんneighbourhood,vicinity,environs
拭くふくto wipe,to dry
副詞ふくしadverb
複写ふくしゃcopy,duplicate
複数ふくすうplural,multiple
含めるふくめるto include,to instruct,to make one understand
膨らますふくらますto swell,to expand,to inflate,to bulge
膨らむふくらむto expand,to swell (out),to get big,to become inflated
不潔ふけつunclean,dirty,filthy,impure
更けるふけるto get late,to advance,to wear on
符号ふごうsign,mark,symbol
夫妻ふさいman and wife,married couple
塞がるふさがるto be plugged up,to be shut up
塞ぐふさぐto stop up,to close up,to block (up)
ふざけるto romp,to gambol,to frolic,to joke
無沙汰ぶさたneglecting to stay in contact
武士ぶしwarrior,samurai
部首ぶしゅradical (of a kanji character)
ふすまsliding screen
附属ふぞくattached,belonging,affiliated
ふたcover,lid,cap
不通ふつうsuspension,interruption,stoppage,tie-up,cessation
ぶつかるto strike,to collide with
ぶつけるto knock,to run into,to nail on,to strike hard,to hit and attack
物騒ぶっそうdangerous,disturbed,insecure
ぶつぶつgrumbling,complaining in a small voice
船便ふなびんsurface mail (ship)
部品ぶひんparts,accessories
吹雪ふぶきsnow storm
父母ふぼfather and mother,parents
踏切ふみきりrailway crossing,level crossing,starting line,scratch,crossover
ふもとthe foot,the bottom,the base (of a mountain)
増やすふやすto increase,to add to,to augment
殖やすふやすto increase,to add to,to augment
フライパンfry pan,frying pan
ブラウスblouse
ぶらさげるto hang,to suspend,to dangle,to swing
ブラシbrushy,brush
プラスチックplastic
プラットホームplatform
フリーfree
振り仮名ふりがな,pronunciation key
プリントprint,handout
振舞うふるまうto behave,to conduct oneself,to entertain (vt)
ブローチbrooch
プログラムprogram
風呂敷ふろしきwrapping cloth,cloth wrapper
ふわふわlight,soft
噴火ふんかeruption
分解ぶんかいanalysis,disassembly
文芸ぶんげいliterature,art and literature,belles-lettres
文献ぶんけんliterature,books (reference)
噴水ふんすいwater fountain
分数ぶんすうfraction (in math)
文体ぶんたいliterary style
分布ぶんぷdistribution
文房具ぶんぼうぐstationery
文脈ぶんみゃくcontext
分量ぶんりょうamount,quantity
分類ぶんるいclassification
閉会へいかいclosure
平気へいきcoolness,calmness,composure,unconcern
並行へいこう(going) side by side,concurrent,abreast,at the same time
平日へいじつweekday,ordinary days
兵隊へいたいsoldier,sailor
平凡へいぼんcommon,commonplace,ordinary,mediocre
平野へいやplain,open field
凹むへこむto be dented,to be indented,to yield to,to give,to sink,to collapse,to cave in,to be snubbed
へそnavel,belly-button
隔てるへだてるto be shut out
別荘べっそうholiday house,villa
別々べつべつseparately,individually
ベテランveteran
ヘリコプターhelicopter
へるto decrease (in size or number),to diminish,to abate
ぺんpen
編集へんしゅうediting,compilation,editorial (e.g. committee)
便所べんじょtoilet,lavatory,rest room,latrine,comfort station
ペンチ(abbr) pliers (lit: pinchers)
望遠鏡ぼうえんきょうtelescope
方角ほうがくdirection,way,compass point
ほうき(n) broom
方言ほうげんdialect
坊さんぼうさんBuddhist priest,monk
防止ぼうしprevention,check
方針ほうしんobjective,plan,policy
包装ほうそうpacking,wrapping
法則ほうそくlaw,rule
包帯ほうたいbandage,dressing
膨大ぼうだいhuge,bulky,enormous,extensive,swelling,expansion
庖丁ほうちょうkitchen knife,carving knife
方程式ほうていしきequation
防犯ぼうはんprevention of crime
方面ほうめんdirection,district,field (e.g., of study)
坊やぼうやboy
放るほうるto let go
ボーナスbonus
朗らかほがらかbrightness,cheerfulness,melodious
牧場ぼくじょう(1) farm (livestock),(2) pasture land,meadow,grazing land
牧畜ぼくちくstock-farming
保健ほけんhealth preservation,hygiene,sanitation
募集ぼしゅうrecruiting,taking applications
干すほすto air,to dry,to desiccate,to drain (off),to drink up
ポスターposter
北極ほっきょくNorth Pole
坊っちゃんぼっちゃんson (of others)
ほどくto unfasten
ほりmoat,canal
掘るほるto dig,to excavate
彫るほるto carve,to engrave,to sculpture,to chisel
ぼろrag,scrap,tattered clothes,fault (esp. in a pretense)
ぼんLantern Festival,Festival of the Dead,tray
盆地ぼんちbasin (e.g. between mountains)
本部ほんぶheadquarters
本来ほんらいessentially,naturally,by nature
まあまあso-so
枚数まいすうthe number of flat things
毎度まいどeach time,common service-sector greeting
マイナスminus
巻くまくto wind,to coil,to roll
蒔くまくto sow (seeds)
撒くまくto scatter,to sprinkle,to sow
まくらpillow,bolster
曲げるまげるto bend,to crook,to lean
まごまごconfused
摩擦まさつfriction,rubbing,rubdown,chafe
混ざるまざるto be mixed,to be blended with,to associate with,to mingle with,to join
交ざるまざるto be mixed,to be blended with,to associate with,to mingle with,to join
混じるまじるto be mixed,to be blended with,to associate with
交じるまじるto be mixed,to be blended with,to associate with
マスクmask
混ぜるまぜるto mix,to stir
交ぜるまぜるto be mixed,to be blended with
またぐto straddle
又はまたはor,otherwise
待合室まちあいしつwaiting room
待ち合わせるまちあわせるto rendezvous,to meet at a prearranged place and time
街角まちかどstreet corner
真っ暗まっくらtotal darkness,shortsightedness,pitch dark
真っ黒まっくろpitch black
真っ青まっさおdeep blue,ghastly pale
真っ先まっさきthe head,the foremost,beginning
真っ白まっしろpure white
祭るまつるto deify,to enshrine
窓口まどぐちticket window
纏まるまとまるto be collected,to be settled,to be in order
纏めるまとめるto put in order,to collect,to bring to a conclusion
真似るまねるto mimic,to imitate
まぶしいdazzling,radiant
まぶたeyelids
マフラーmuffler,scarf
間も無くまもなくsoon,before long,in a short time
マラソンmarathon
円いまるいround,circular,spherical
まれrare,seldom
回り道まわりみちdetour
満員まんいんfull house,no vacancy,sold out
マンションlarge apartment,apartment house
満点まんてんperfect score
見送るみおくる(1) to see off,to farewell,(2) to escort,(3) to let pass
見下ろすみおろすto overlook,to command a view of,to look down on something
見掛けみかけoutward appearance
三日月みかづきnew moon,crescent moon
みさきcape (on coast)
みじめ(arch) sad,pitiful,wretched
ミシンsewing machine
店屋みせやstore,shop
見出しみだしheading,caption,subtitle,index
道順みちじゅんitinerary,route
見付かるみつかるto be found,to be discovered
見付けるみつけるto be familiar,to discover,to detect
みっともないshameful,indecent
見直すみなおすto look again,to get a better opinion of
見慣れるみなれるto become used to seeing,to be familiar with
醜いみにくいugly
実るみのるto bear fruit,to ripen
身分みぶんsocial position,social status
見本みほんsample
見舞うみまうto ask after (health),to visit
未満みまんless than,insufficient
名字みょうじsurname,family name
ミリ(メートル)milli-,10^-3
診るみるto examine (medical)
民間みんかんprivate,civilian,civil,popular,folk,unofficial
民謡みんようfolk song,popular song
向うむかう(v5u) to face,to go towards
剥くむくto peel,to skin,to pare,to hull
無限むげんinfinite
無地むじplain,unfigured
蒸し暑いむしあついhumid,sultry
矛盾むじゅんcontradiction,inconsistency
蒸すむすto steam,to poultice,to be sultry
無数むすうcountless number,infinite number
むらさきpurple colour,violet
群れむれgroup,crowd,flock,herd
めいniece
名作めいさくmasterpiece
名刺めいしbusiness card
名詞めいしnoun
名所めいしょfamous place
命ずるめいずるto command,to appoint
迷信めいしんsuperstition
名物めいぶつfamous product,special product,speciality
銘々めいめいeach,individual
目上めうえsuperior(s),senior
メーターmeter (clock)
恵まれるめぐまれるto be blessed with,to be rich in
巡るめぐるto go around
目指すめざすto aim at,to have an eye on
目覚しめざまし(abbr) alarm-clock
目下めしたat present,now
目印めじるしmark,sign,landmark
目立つめだつto be conspicuous,to stand out
めちゃくちゃabsurd,unreasonable,excessive,messed up,spoiled,wreaked
めっきりremarkably
めでたいhappy,simple soul,propitious,joyous
メニューmenu
めまいdizziness,giddiness
目安めやすcriterion,aim
免税めんぜいtax exemption,duty exemption
面積めんせきarea
面接めんせつinterview
面倒臭いめんどうくさいbother to do,tiresome
儲かるもうかるto be profitable,to yield a profit
儲けるもうけるto get,to earn,to gain,to have (bear, beget) a child
申し訳ないもうしわけないinexcusable
モーターmotor
木材もくざいlumber,timber,wood
目次もくじtable of contents
潜るもぐる(1) to drive,to pass through,(2) to evade,to hide,(3) to dive (into or under water),to go undergroun
もしかしたらperhaps,maybe,by some chance
もしかするとperhaps,maybe,by some chance
もたれるto lean against,to lean on,to recline on,to lie heavy (on the stomach)
モダンmodern
もちsticky rice cake
もったいないtoo good,more than one deserves,wasteful,sacrilegious,unworthy of
モデルmodel
元々もともとoriginally,by nature,from the start
物置ものおきstorage room
物語るものがたるto tell,to indicate
物差しものさしruler,measure
物凄いものすごいearth-shattering,staggering,to a very great extent
モノレールmonorail
紅葉もみじ(1) (Japanese) maple
揉むもむto rub,to crumple (up),to wrinkle
燃やすもやすto burn
催しもよおしevent,festivities,function
盛るもる(1) to serve (food, etc.),(2) to fill up,(3) to prescribe
問答もんどうquestions and answers,dialogue
やかましい(1) noisy,(2) strict,fussy
夜間やかんat night,nighttime
薬缶やかんkettle
役者やくしゃactor,actress
役所やくしょgovernment office,public office
訳すやくすto translate
役人やくにんgovernment official
薬品やくひんmedicine(s),chemical(s)
役目やくめduty,business
火傷やけどburn,scald
夜行やこうwalking around at night,night train,night travel
矢印やじるしdirecting arrow
やたらにrandomly,recklessly,blindly
薬局やっきょくpharmacy,drugstore
やっつけるto attack (an enemy),to beat,to do away with,to finish off
家主やぬしlandlord
やっぱりalso,as I thought,still,in spite of,absolutely,of course
破くやぶく
破れるやぶれるto get torn,to wear out
やむをえないcannot be helped,unavoidable
軟らかいやわらかいsoft,tender,limp
遊園地ゆうえんちamusement park
夕刊ゆうかんevening paper
友好ゆうこうfriendship
郵送ゆうそうmailing
夕立ゆうだち(sudden) evening shower (rain)
夕日ゆうひ(in) the evening sun,setting sun
悠々ゆうゆうquiet,calm,leisurely
有料ゆうりょうadmission-paid,toll
浴衣ゆかたbathrobe,informal summer kimono,yukata
湯気ゆげsteam,vapour
輸血ゆけつblood transfusion
輸送ゆそうtransport,transportation
油断ゆだんnegligence,unpreparedness
ゆでるto boil
湯飲みゆのみteacup
緩いゆるいloose,lenient,slow
溶岩ようがんlava
容器ようきcontainer,vessel
用語ようごterm,terminology
要旨ようしgist,essentials,summary,fundamentals
幼児ようじinfant,baby,child
容積ようせきcapacity,volume
幼稚ようちinfancy,childish,infantile
幼稚園ようちえんkindergarten
用途ようとuse,usefulness
洋品店ようひんてんshop which handles Western-style apparel and accessories
養分ようぶんnourishment,nutrient
羊毛ようもうwool
漸くようやくgradually,finally,hardly
要領ようりょうpoint,gist,essentials,outline
欲張りよくばりavarice,covetousness,greed
余計よけいtoo much,unnecessary,abundance,surplus,excess,superfluity
よこす(1) to send,to forward,(2) to hand over (e.g. money)
汚すよごす(1) to disgrace,to dishonour,(2) to pollute,to contaminate,to soil,to make dirty,to stain
寄せるよせるto collect,to gather,to add,to put aside
余所よそanother place,somewhere else,strange parts
四つ角よつかどfour corners,crossroads
酔っ払いよっぱらいdrunkard
予備よびpreparation,preliminaries,reserve,spare
呼び掛けるよびかけるto call out to,to accost,to address (crowd),to appeal
呼び出すよびだすto summon,to call (e.g. phone)
蘇るよみがえるto be resurrected,to be revived,to be resuscitated,to be rehabilitated
因るよるto come from
慶びよろこび(n) (a) joy,(a) delight,rapture,pleasure,gratification,rejoicing,congratulations,felicitations
慶ぶよろこぶ
来日らいにちarrival in Japan,coming to Japan,visit to Japan
落第らくだいfailure,dropping out of a class
ラッシュアワーrush hour
らんcolumn of text (e.g. as in a newspaper)
ランチlaunch,lunch
ランニング(1) running,(2) tank top
乱暴らんぼうrude,violent,rough,lawless,unreasonable,reckless
理科りかscience
利害りがいadvantages and disadvantages,interest
リズムrhythm
リットルlitre
リボンribbon
略すりゃくすto abbreviate
流域りゅういき(river) basin
りょうhostel,dormitory
両側りょうがわboth sides
漁師りょうしfisherman
領事りょうじconsul
領収りょうしゅうreceipt,voucher
臨時りんじtemporary,special,extraordinary
留守番るすばんcare-taking,caretaker,house-watching
例外れいがいexception
零点れいてんzero,no marks
冷凍れいとうfreezing,cold storage,refrigeration
レインコートraincoat
レクリェーションrecreation
レジャーleisure
列島れっとうchain of islands
レベルlevel
リポートreport,paper
煉瓦れんがbrick
連合れんごうunion,alliance
レンズlens
蝋燭ろうそくcandle
ローマじromanization,Roman letters
録音ろくおん(audio) recording
ロッカーlocker
ロビーlobby
論ずるろんずるto argue,to discuss,to debate
和英わえいJapanese-English
分るわかるto be understood
分かれるわかれるto branch off,to diverge from,to fork,to split,to dispense,to scatter,to divide into
若々しいわかわかしいyouthful,young
湧くわくto boil,to grow hot,to get excited,to gush forth
詫びるわびるto apologize
和服わふくJapanese clothes
わりあいにcomparatively
割算わりざんdivision (math)
割とわりとrelatively, comparitively
割引わりびきdiscount,reduction,rebate
わんJapanese soup bowl,wooden bowl
わんbowl
ワンピースone-piece dress
会うあうto meet
あおblue
青いあおいblue
あかred
赤いあかいred
明いあかるいbright
あきautumn
開くあくto open,to become open
開けるあけるto open
上げるあげるto give
あさmorning
朝御飯あさごはんbreakfast
あさってday after tomorrow
あしfoot,leg
明日あしたtomorrow
あそこover there
遊ぶあそぶto play,to make a visit
暖かいあたたかいwarm
あたまhead
新しいあたらしいnew
あちらthere
暑いあついhot
熱いあついhot to the touch
厚いあついkind, deep, thick
あっちover there
あとafterwards
あなたyou
あに(humble) older brother
あね(humble) older sister
あのthat over there
あのum...
アパートapartment
あびるto bathe,to shower
危ないあぶないdangerous
甘いあまいsweet
あまりnot very
あめrain
あめcandy
洗うあらうto wash
あるto be,to have (used for inanimate objects)
歩くあるくto walk
あれthat
いい/よいgood
いいえno
言ういうto say
いえhouse
いかがhow
行くいくto go
いくつhow many?,how old?
いくらhow much?
いけpond
医者いしゃmedical doctor
いすchair
忙しいいそがしいbusy,irritated
痛いいたいpainful
いちone
一日いちにち(1) one day, (2) first of month
いちばんbest,first
いつwhen
五日いつかfive days, fifth day
一緒いっしょtogether
五ついつつfive
いつもalways
いぬdog
いまnow
意味いみmeaning
いもうと(humble) younger sister
いやunpleasant
入口いりぐちentrance
居るいるto be, to have (used for people and animals)
要るいるto need
入れるいれるto put in
いろcolour
いろいろvarious
うえon top of
後ろうしろbehind
薄いうすいthin,weak
うたsong
歌ううたうto sing
生まれるうまれるto be born
うみsea
売るうるto sell
煩いうるさいnoisy,annoying
上着うわぎjacket
picture
映画えいがmovie
映画館えいがかんcinema
英語えいごEnglish language
ええyes
えきstation
エレベーターelevator
鉛筆えんぴつpencil
おいしいdelicious
多いおおいmany
大きいおおきいbig
大きなおおきなbig
大勢おおぜいgreat number of people
お母さんおかあさん(honorable) mother
お菓子おかしsweets, candy
お金おかねmoney
起きるおきるto get up
置くおくto put
奥さんおくさん(honorable) wife
お酒おさけalcohol, rice wine
お皿おさらplate, dish
伯父/叔父おじいさんgrandfather,male senior citizen
教えるおしえるto teach,to tell
伯父/叔父おじさんuncle,middle aged gentleman
押すおすto push, to stamp something
遅いおそいlate,slow
お茶おちゃgreen tea
お手洗いおてあらいbathroom
お父さんおとうさん(honorable) father
おとうとyounger brother
おとこman
男の子おとこのこboy
一昨日おとといday before yesterday
一昨年おととしyear before last
大人おとなadult
おなかstomach
同じおなじsame
お兄さんおにいさん(honorable) older brother
お姉さんおねえさん(honorable) older sister
おばあさんgrandmother,female senior-citizen
伯母さん/叔母さんおばさんaunt
お風呂おふろbath
お弁当おべんとうboxed lunch
覚えるおぼえるto remember
おまわりさんfriendly term for policeman
重いおもいheavy
おもしろいinteresting
泳ぐおよぐto swim
降りるおりるto get off, to descend
終るおわるto finish
音楽おんがくmusic
おんなwoman
女の子おんなのこgirl
外国がいこくforeign country
外国人がいこくじんforeigner
会社かいしゃcompany
階段かいだんstairs
買い物かいものshopping
買うかうto buy
返すかえすto return something
帰るかえるto go back
かかるto take time or money
かぎkey
書くかくto write
学生がくせいstudent
かけるto call by phone
かさumbrella
貸すかすto lend
かぜwind
風邪かぜa cold
家族かぞくfamily
かたperson, way of doing
学校がっこうschool
カップcup
家庭かていhousehold
かどa corner
かばんbag,basket
花瓶かびんa vase
かみpaper
カメラcamera
火曜日かようびTuesday
辛いからいspicy
からだbody
借りるかりるto borrow
軽いかるいlight
カレーcurry
カレンダーcalendar
川/河かわriver
かわいいcute
漢字かんじChinese character
tree,wood
黄色きいろyellow
黄色いきいろいyellow
消えるきえるto disappear
聞くきくto hear,to listen to,to ask
きたnorth
ギターguitar
汚いきたないdirty
喫茶店きっさてんcoffee lounge
切手きってpostage stamp
切符きっぷticket
昨日きのうyesterday
きゅう / くnine
牛肉ぎゅうにくbeef
牛乳ぎゅうにゅうmilk
今日きょうtoday
教室きょうしつclassroom
兄弟きょうだい(humble) siblings
去年きょねんlast year
嫌いきらいhate
切るきるto cut
着るきるto put on from the shoulders down
きれいpretty,clean
キロ/キログラムkilogram
キロ/キロメートルkilometre
銀行ぎんこうbank
金曜日きんようびFriday
くすりmedicine
くださいplease
果物くだものfruit
くちmouth,opening
くつshoes
靴下くつしたsocks
くにcountry
曇りくもりcloudy weather
曇るくもるto become cloudy,to become dim
暗いくらいgloomy
クラスclass
グラムgram
来るくるto come
くるまcar,vehicle
くろblack
黒いくろいblack
警官けいかんpoliceman
今朝けさthis morning
消すけすto erase,to turn off power
結構けっこうsplendid,enough
結婚けっこんmarriage
月曜日げつようびMonday
玄関げんかんentry hall
元気げんきhealth, vitality
five
公園こうえんpark
交差点こうさてんintersection
紅茶こうちゃblack tea
交番こうばんpolice box
こえvoice
コートcoat,tennis court
コーヒーcoffee
ここhere
午後ごごafternoon
九日ここのかnine days, ninth day
九つここのつnine
午前ごぜんmorning
答えるこたえるto answer
こちらthis person or way
こっちthis person or way
コップa glass
今年ことしthis year
言葉ことばword,language
子供こどもchild
このthis
御飯ごはんcooked rice,meal
コピーするto copy
困るこまるto be worried
これthis
今月こんげつthis month
今週こんしゅうthis week
こんなsuch
今晩こんばんthis evening
さあwell…
財布さいふwallet
さかなfish
さきthe future,previous
咲くさくto bloom
作文さくぶんcomposition,writing
差すさすto stretch out hands,to raise an umbrella
雑誌ざっしmagazine
砂糖さとうsugar
寒いさむいcold
さ来年さらいねんyear after next
さんthree
散歩さんぽするto stroll
し / よんfour
しおsalt
しかしhowever
時間じかんtime
仕事しごとjob
辞書じしょdictionary
静かしずかquiet
したbelow
しち / ななseven
質問しつもんquestion
自転車じてんしゃbicycle
自動車じどうしゃautomobile
死ぬしぬto die
字引じびきdictionary
自分じぶんoneself
閉まるしまるto close,to be closed
閉めるしめるto close something
締めるしめるto tie
じゃ/じゃあwell then…
写真しゃしんphotograph
シャツshirt
シャワーshower
じゅう とおten
授業じゅぎょうlesson,class work
宿題しゅくだいhomework
上手じょうずskillful
丈夫じょうぶstrong,durable
しょうゆsoy sauce
食堂しょくどうdining hall
知るしるto know
しろwhite
白いしろいwhite
新聞しんぶんnewspaper
水曜日すいようびWednesday
吸うすうto smoke,to suck
スカートskirt
好きすきlikeable
少ないすくないa few
すぐにinstantly
少しすこしfew
涼しいすずしいrefreshing
ストーブheater
スプーンspoon
スポーツsport
ズボンtrousers
住むすむto live in
スリッパslippers
するto do
座るすわるto sit
height,stature
生徒せいとpupil
セーターsweater,jumper
せっけんsoap
背広せびろbusiness suit
狭いせまいnarrow
ゼロzero
せんthousand
先月せんげつlast month
先週せんしゅうlast week
先生せんせいteacher,doctor
洗濯せんたくwashing
全部ぜんぶall
掃除そうじするto clean, to sweep
そうして/そしてand
そこthat place
そちらover there
そっちover there
そとoutside
そのthat
そばnear,beside
そらsky
それthat
それからafter that
それではin that situation
大学だいがくuniversity
大使館たいしかんembassy
大丈夫だいじょうぶall right
大好きだいすきto be very likeable
大切たいせつimportant
台所だいどころkitchen
たいへんvery
たいへんdifficult situation
高いたかいtall, expensive
たくさんmany
タクシーtaxi
出すだすto put out
立つたつto stand
たてlength,height
建物たてものbuilding
楽しいたのしいenjoyable
頼むたのむto ask
たばこtobacco,cigarettes
たぶんprobably
食べ物たべものfood
食べるたべるto eat
たまごegg
だれwho
だれかsomebody
誕生日たんじょうびbirthday
だんだんgradually
小さいちいさいlittle
小さなちいさなlittle
近いちかいnear
違うちがうto differ
近くちかくnear
地下鉄ちかてつunderground train
地図ちずmap
茶色ちゃいろbrown
ちゃわんrice bowl
ちょうどexactly
ちょっとsomewhat
一日ついたちfirst of month
使うつかうto use
疲れるつかれるto get tired
つぎnext
着くつくto arrive at
つくえdesk
作るつくるto make
つけるto turn on
勤めるつとめるto work for someone
つまらないboring
冷たいつめたいcold to the touch
強いつよいpowerful
hand
テープtape
テーブルtable
テープレコーダーtape recorder
出かけるでかけるto go out
手紙てがみletter
できるto be able to
出口でぐちexit
テストtest
ではwith that...
デパートdepartment store
でもbut
出るでるto appear,to leave
テレビtelevision
天気てんきweather
電気でんきelectricity,electric light
電車でんしゃelectric train
電話でんわtelephone
Japanese style door
ドアWestern style door
トイレtoilet
どうhow,in what way
どうしてfor what reason
どうぞplease
動物どうぶつanimal
どうもthanks
遠いとおいfar
十日とおかten days,the tenth day
時々ときどきsometimes
時計とけいwatch,clock
どこwhere
ところplace
としyear
図書館としょかんlibrary
どちらwhich of two
どっちwhich
とてもvery
どなたwho
となりnext door to
どのwhich
飛ぶとぶto fly,to hop
止まるとまるto come to a halt
友達ともだちfriend
土曜日どようびSaturday
とりbird
とり肉とりにくchicken meat
取るとるto take something
撮るとるto take a photo or record a film
どれwhich (of three or more)
ナイフknife
なかmiddle
長いながいlong
鳴くなくanimal noise. to chirp, roar or croak etc.
無くすなくすto lose something
なぜwhy
なつsummer
夏休みなつやすみsummer holiday
などet cetera
七つななつseven
七日なのかseven days,the seventh day
名前なまえname
習うならうto learn
並ぶならぶto line up,to stand in a line
並べるならべるto line up,to set up
なるto become
なん/なにwhat
two
賑やかにぎやかbustling,busy
にくmeat
西にしwest
日曜日にちようびSunday
荷物にもつluggage
ニュースnews
にわgarden
脱ぐぬぐto take off clothes
温いぬるいluke warm
ネクタイtie,necktie
ねこcat
寝るねるto go to bed,to sleep
ノートnotebook,exercise book
登るのぼるto climb
飲み物のみものa drink
飲むのむto drink
乗るのるto get on,to ride
tooth
パーティーparty
はいyes
灰皿はいざらashtray
入るはいるto enter,to contain
葉書はがきpostcard
はくto wear,to put on trousers
はこbox
はしbridge
はしchopsticks
始まるはじまるto begin
初め/始めはじめbeginning
初めてはじめてfor the first time
走るはしるto run
バスbus
バターbutter
二十歳はたち20 years old,20th year
働くはたらくto work
はちeight
二十日はつかtwenty days,twentieth
はなflower
はなnose
はなしtalk,story
話すはなすto speak
早いはやいearly
速いはやいquick
はるspring
貼るはるto stick
晴れはれclear weather
晴れるはれるto be sunny
はんhalf
ばんevening
パンbread
ハンカチhandkerchief
番号ばんごうnumber
晩御飯ばんごはんevening meal
半分はんぶんhalf minute
ひがしeast
引くひくto pull
弾くひくto play an instrument with strings, including piano
低いひくいshort,low
飛行機ひこうきaeroplane
ひだりleft hand side
ひとperson
一つひとつone
一月ひとつきone month
一人ひとりone person
ひまfree time
ひゃくhundred
病院びょういんhospital
病気びょうきillness
ひるnoon, daytime
昼御飯ひるごはんmidday meal
広いひろいspacious,wide
フィルムroll of film
封筒ふうとうenvelope
プールswimming pool
フォークfork
吹くふくto blow
ふくclothes
二つふたつtwo
豚肉ぶたにくpork
二人ふたりtwo people
二日ふつかtwo days, second day of the month
太いふといfat
ふゆwinter
降るふるto fall, e.g. rain or snow
古いふるいold (not used for people)
ふろbath
文章ぶんしょうsentence,text
ページpage
下手へたunskillful
ベッドbed
ペットpet
部屋へやroom
へんarea
ペンpen
勉強べんきょうするto study
便利べんりuseful, convenient
帽子ぼうしhat
ボールペンball-point pen
ほかother, the rest
ポケットpocket
欲しいほしいwant
ポストpost
細いほそいthin
ボタンbutton
ホテルhotel
ほんbook
本棚ほんだなbookshelves
ほんとうtruth
毎朝まいあさevery morning
毎月まいげつ/まいつきevery month
毎週まいしゅうevery week
毎日まいにちevery day
毎年まいねん/まいとしevery year
毎晩まいばんevery night
まえbefore
曲るまがるto turn,to bend
まずいunpleasant
またagain,and
まだyet,still
まちtown,city
待つまつto wait
まっすぐstraight ahead,direct
マッチmatch
まどwindow
丸い/円いまるいround,circular
まんten thousand
万年筆まんねんひつfountain pen
磨くみがくto brush teeth, to polish
みぎright side
短いみじかいshort
みずwater
みせshop
見せるみせるto show
みちstreet
三日みっかthree days, third day of the month
三つみっつthree
みどりgreen
皆さんみなさんeveryone
みなみsouth
みみear
見る 観るみるto see, to watch
みんなeveryone
六日むいかsix days, sixth day of the month
向こうむこうover there
難しいむずかしいdifficult
六つむっつsix
むらvillage
eye
メートルmetre
眼鏡めがねglasses
もうalready
もう一度もういちどagain
木曜日もくようびThursday
持つもつto hold
もっとmore
ものthing
もんgate
問題もんだいproblem
八百屋やおやgreengrocer
野菜やさいvegetable
易しいやさしいeasy, simple
安いやすいcheap
休みやすみrest,holiday
休むやすむto rest
八つやっつeight
やまmountain
やるto do
夕方ゆうがたevening
夕飯ゆうはんdinner
郵便局ゆうびんきょくpost office
昨夜ゆうべlast night
有名ゆうめいfamous
ゆきsnow
行くゆくto go
ゆっくりとslowly
八日ようかeight days, eighth day of the month
洋服ようふくwestern-style clothes
よくoften, well
よこbeside,side,width
四日よっかfour days, fouth day of the month
四つよっつfour
呼ぶよぶto call out,to invite
読むよむto read
よるevening,night
弱いよわいweak
来月らいげつnext month
来週らいしゅうnext week
来年らいねんnext year
ラジオradio
ラジカセ / ラジオカセットradio cassette player
りっぱsplendid
留学生りゅうがくせいoverseas student
両親りょうしんboth parents
料理りょうりcuisine
旅行りょこうtravel
れいzero
冷蔵庫れいぞうこrefrigerator
レコードrecord
レストランrestaurant
練習れんしゅうするto practice
廊下ろうかcorridor
ろくsix
ワイシャツbusiness shirt
若いわかいyoung
分かるわかるto be understood
忘れるわすれるto forget
わたくし(humble) I,myself
わたしI,myself
渡すわたすto hand over
渡るわたるto go across
悪いわるいbad
より、ほうUsed for comparison.
あいlove
愛情あいじょうlove, affection
合図あいずsign, signal
愛するあいするto love
相手あいてcompanion, partner, company
あいにくunfortunately, Sorry, but....
明かりあかりlamplight, light (in general),brightness
空きあきroom, time to spare, emptiness
明らかあきらかobvious, evident, clear
諦めるあきらめるto give up, to abandon
飽きるあきるto get tired of, to lose interest in, to have enough
握手あくしゅhandshake
悪魔あくまdevil, demon, evil spirit
明けるあけるto dawn, to become daylight
預けるあずけるto give into custody, to entrust, to deposit
あせsweat, perspiration
与えるあたえるto give, to present, to award
暖かいあたたか(い)warm, mild
辺りあたりvicinity, nearby
当たるあたるto be hit, to be successful, to be equivalent to
あちこちhere and there
あっAh!, Oh!
扱うあつかうto handle, to deal with, to treat
集まりあつまりgathering, meeting, assembly, collection
当てるあてるto hit, to apply a patch
あと(1) trace, tracks, mark, sign, (2) remains, ruins, (3) scar
あなhole
浴びるあびるto bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
あぶらoil
余りあまりnot very (used as adverb),not much
誤りあやまりerror
粗いあらいCoarse
あらしstorm, tempest
新たあらたnew, fresh, novel
あらゆるall, every
表すあらわすto express, to show, to reveal
現すあらわすto show, to indicate, to display
現れあらわれembodiment, materialization
現れるあらわれる(1) to appear, to come in sight, to become visible,(2) to express oneself
ありがとう(conj,exp,int) Thank you
有るあるto be, to have(used for inanimate objects)
あるa certain...,some...
あるいはor, possibly
あわbubble, foam, froth, head on beer
合わせるあわせるto join together, to be opposite, to face, to unite
哀れあわれhelpless, pity, sorrow, grief
あんplan, suffix meaning draft
暗記あんきmemorization, learning by heart
安定あんていstability, equilibrium
案内あんない・するinformation, guidance, leading, to guide
あんなにto that extent, to that degree
あんまりnot very, not much, remainder, rest
stomach
委員いいんcommittee member
いえいえ same as いいえ in spoken
意外いがいunexpected, surprising
いきbreath, tone
行きいき/ゆきgoing,
勢いいきおいforce, vigour, energy, spirit
生き物いきものliving thing, animal
幾ついくつhow many?, how old?
幾らいくらhow much?,
いけないmust not do, bad, wrong, not good
医師いしdoctor, physician
意思いしmind, intention
意志いしwill, volition
維持いじmaintenance, preservation
意識いしきconsciousness, senses
異常いじょうstrangeness, abnormality, disorder
椅子いすchair
いずみspring, fountain
いずれwhich, either, one
以前いぜんago since, before, previous
いたboard, plank
偉大いだいgreatness
抱くいだく(sl) to embrace, to hug, to harbour, to entertain
いたずらtease, prank, trick, practical joke
いただきますexpression of gratitude before meals
頂くいただくto receive, to take food or drink (hum)
痛みいたみpain, ache, sore, grief, distress
至るいたるto come, to arrive
いちmarket, fair
位置いちplace, situation, position, location
一時いちじmoment, time
一度にいちどにall at once
市場いちば(the) market (as a concept)
一番いちばんbest, first, number one
一家いっかa house, a home, a family, a household
いつかsometime, someday, one day
一種いっしゅa species, a kind, a variety
一瞬いっしゅんa moment, an instant
一生いっしょうwhole life, a lifetime, all through life
一層いっそうmuch more, still more, all the more
一体いったい(1) one object, one body,(2) what on earth?, really?,(3) generally
一致いっち(1) coincidence, agreement,(2) conformity
いつでも(at) any time, always, at all times, never (neg)
一般いっぱんgeneral, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
一方いっぽう(1) on the other hand,(2) meanwhile,(3) only, simple, in turn
いつまでもforever, for good, eternally, as long as one likes, indefinitely
いつもalways, usually, every time, never (with neg. verb)
移動いどうremoval, migration, movement
従兄弟いとこcousin (male)
いねrice-plant
居眠りいねむりdozing, nodding off
いのち,life, destiny
違反いはんviolation (of law),transgression, infringement, breach
衣服いふくclothes
居間いまliving room (western style)
今にいまにbefore long, even now
今にもいまにもat any time, soon
いやno, the nose
以来いらいsince, henceforth
依頼いらい(1) request, commission, dispatch,(2) dependence, trust
いらいらgetting nervous, irritation
いらっしゃいwelcome
医療いりょうmedical care, medical treatment
いわrock, crag
祝いいわいcelebration, festival
祝ういわうto congratulate, to celebrate
言わばいわばso to speak
いわゆるthe so-called, so to speak
印刷いんさつprinting
印象いんしょうimpression
引退いんたいretire
引用いんようquotation, citation
うおfish
うがいgargle, rinse mouth
伺ううかがう(hon) to visit, to ask, to inquire
受け取るうけとるto receive, to get, to accept, to take
動かすうごかすto move, to shift
うさぎrabbit, hare
うしcattle, cow
失ううしなうto lose, to part with
後ろうしろafterwards, since then, in the future, behind
うそlie, falsehood, incorrect fact, inappropriate
疑ううたがうto doubt, to distrust, to be suspicious of, to suspect
うちinside
宇宙うちゅうuniverse, cosmos, space
撃つうつto attack, to defeat, to destroy
移すうつすto remove, to transfer, to infect
訴えるうったえるto sue (a person),to resort to, to appeal to
うなるto groan, to moan
奪ううばうto snatch away
うま(1) horse,(2) promoted bishop (shogi)
うまいうまいbe good at, delicious (spoken)
生まれうまれbirth, birth-place
うめplum, plum-tree, lowest (of a three-tier ranking system)
裏切るうらぎるto betray, to turn traitor to, to double-cross
得るうるto get, to gain, to win
嬉しいうれしいhappy, glad, pleasant
売れるうれるto be sold
うわさrumour, report, gossip, common talk
うんfortune, luck
運転うんてん・するoperation, motion, driving, to drive
運動うんどう・するmotion, exercise, to exercise
handle, grip
永遠えいえんeternity, perpetuity, immortality, permanence
永久えいきゅうeternity ,perpetuity, immortality
影響えいきょうinfluence, effect
営業えいぎょうbusiness, trade, management
衛星えいせいsatellite
栄養えいようnutrition, nourishment
笑顔えがおsmiling face
描くえがくto draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
えさfeed, bait
得るえるto get, to gain, to win
えんcircle, money
えんrelation, connection, ties, fate
延期えんきpostponement, adjournment
演技えんぎacting, performance
援助えんじょassistance, aid, support
演説えんぜつspeech, address
演奏えんそうmusical performance
遠慮えんりょdiffidence, restraint, reserve
honourable
老いおいold age, old person, the old, the aged
追い付くおいつくto overtake, to catch up (with)
おうking, ruler, sovereign, monarch
追うおうto chase, to run after
王様おうさまking
王子おうじprince
応じるおうじるto respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
横断おうだんcrossing
終えるおえるto finish
大いにおおいにvery, much, greatly
覆うおおうto cover, to hide, to conceal, to wrap, to disguise
大家おおやrich family, distinguished family
おかhill, height, knoll, rising ground
おきopen sea
おくinterior, inner part
贈るおくるto send, to give to, to award to, to confer on
起こるおこるto occur, to happen
幼いおさないvery young, childish
収めるおさめるto obtain, to reap, to pay, to supply, to accept
おしゃべりchattering, talk, idle talk
汚染おせんpollution, contamination
おそらくperhaps
恐れるおそれるto fear, to be afraid of
恐ろしいおそろしいterrible, dreadful
お互いおたがいmutual, reciprocal, each other
穏やかおだやかcalm, gentle, quiet
男の人おとこのひとman
劣るおとるto fall behind, to be inferior to
お腹おなかstomach, tummy
おにogre, demon, it (i.e., in a game of tag)
おびband (e.g. conduction, valence)
お昼おひるlunch, noon
溺れるおぼれるto be drowned, to indulge in
おまえ(fam) you (sing)
おめでとうCongratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
思い出おもいでmemories, recollections, reminiscence
主におもにmainly, primarily
思わずおもわずunintentional, spontaneous
泳ぎおよぎswimming
およそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
及ぼすおよぼすto exert, to cause, to exercise
居るおるto be (animate),to be, to exist
下すおろすto lower, to let go down
降ろすおろすto take down, to launch, to drop
おんsound, note
おんfavour, obligation, debt of gratitude
温暖おんだんwarmth
温度おんどtemperature
passable
counter for chapters (of a book) section
かいmeeting, assembly, party, association, club
かいcounter for occurrences
がいinjury, harm, evil influence, damage
会員かいいんmember, the membership
絵画かいがpicture, paintings
海外かいがいforeign, abroad, overseas
会計かいけいaccount, finance, accountant
解決かいけつsettlement, solution, resolution
会合かいごうmeeting, assembly
外交がいこうdiplomacy
開始かいしstart, commencement, beginning
解釈かいしゃくexplanation, interpretation
外出がいしゅつouting, going out
改善かいぜんbetterment, improvement
快適かいてきpleasant, agreeable, comfortable
回復かいふくrecovery (from illness),improvement, rehabilitation, restoration
飼うかうto keep, to raise, to feed
替える/換えるかえるto exchange, to interchange, to substitute, to replace
香りかおりaroma, fragrance, scent, smell
画家がかpainter, artist
抱えるかかえるto hold or carry under or in the arms
価格かかくprice, value, cost
化学かがくchemistry
輝くかがやくto shine, to glitter, to sparkle
かかりofficial, duty, person in charge
掛かるかかるto take (e.g. time, money, etc),to hang
罹るかかるto suffer from
かぎkey
限るかぎるto restrict,to limit,to confine
描くかくto draw,to paint,to sketch,to depict,to describe
家具かぐfurniture
がくlearning,scholarship,erudition,knowledge
がくpicture frame
覚悟かくごresolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
確実かくじつcertainty, reliability, soundness
学者がくしゃscholar
学習がくしゅうstudy,learning
隠すかくすto hide,to conceal
拡大かくだいmagnification, enlargement
確認かくにんaffirmation, confirmation
学問がくもんscholarship, study, learning
隠れるかくれるto hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
かげshade, shadow, other side
かげshade,shadow,other side
欠けるかけるto be lacking
加減かげんaddition and subtraction,allowance for
過去かこthe past,bygone days,the previous
かごbasket,cage
囲むかこむto surround,to encircle
火災かさいconflagration,fire
菓子かしpastry
家事かじhousework,domestic chores
賢いかしこいwise,clever,smart
歌手かしゅsinger
かずnumber,figure
稼ぐかせぐto earn income,to labor
数えるかぞえるto count
かたmold,model,style,shape,data-type
かたshoulder
硬いかたいsolid,hard (esp. metal, stone),unpolished writing
方々かたがたpersons,this and that,here and there,everywhere
かたちshape, form
かたなsword,saber,knife,engraving tool
語るかたるto talk,to tell,to recite
勝ちかちwin,victory
価値かちvalue,worth,merit
がっかりfeel disappointed,be dejected,lose heart
活気かっきenergy,liveliness
学期がっきterm (school)
格好かっこうshape,form,posture,suitability,appearance
活動かつどうaction,activity
活用かつようconjugation,practical use
悲しむかなしむto be sad,to mourn for,to regret
必ずしもかならずしも(not) always,(not) necessarily,(not) all,(not) entirely
かなりconsiderably,fairly,quite
かね(1) gold,(2) gold general (shogi) (abbr)
可能かのうpossible,practicable,feasible
かぶshare,stock,stump (of tree)
被るかぶるto put on , wear, cover (one's) head,
構うかまうto mind,to care about,to be concerned about
我慢がまんpatience,endurance,perseverance
かみ(1) first volume,(2) superior quality,(3) governmental
かみgod
かみなりthunder
髪の毛かみのけhair (head)
科目かもく(school) subject,curriculum,course
かもしれないmay,might,perhaps,may be,possibly
火曜かよう(abbr) Tuesday
からempty
がらpattern
刈るかるto cut (hair),to mow (grass),to harvest
彼等かれらthey (usually male)
かわriver
かわriver,stream
かわskin,hide,leather,fur,pelt,bark,shell
かわleather
かわいそうpoor,pitiable,pathetic
かわいらしいlovely,sweet
かんcan,tin
かんperception,intuition,the sixth sense
考えかんがえthinking,thought,ideas,intention
感覚かんかくsense,sensation
観客かんきゃくaudience,spectator(s)
環境かんきょうenvironment,circumstance
歓迎かんげいwelcome,reception
観光かんこうsightseeing
観察かんさつobservation,survey
感じかんじfeeling,sense,impression
感謝かんしゃthanks,gratitude
患者かんじゃa patient
勘定かんじょうcalculation,counting,consideration
感情かんじょうemotion(s),feeling(s),sentiment
感じるかんじるto feel,to sense,to experience
感心かんしんadmiration,Well done!
関心かんしんconcern,interest
関するかんするto concern,to be related
完成かんせい(1) complete,completion,(2) perfection,accomplishment
完全かんぜんperfection,completeness
感動かんどうbeing deeply moved,excitement,impression,deep emotion
監督かんとくsupervision,control,superintendence
管理かんりcontrol,management (e.g. of a business)
完了かんりょうcompletion,conclusion
関連かんれんrelation,connection,relevance
議員ぎいんmember of the Diet, congress or parliament
記憶きおくmemory,recollection,remembrance
気温きおんtemperature
機械きかいmachine,mechanism
議会ぎかいDiet,congress,parliament
期間きかんperiod,term
機関きかんorgan,mechanism,facility,engine
企業きぎょうenterprise,undertaking
効くきくto be effective
機嫌きげんhumour,temper,mood
気候きこうclimate
きしbank,coast,shore
生地きじbirthplace
記事きじarticle,news story,report,account
技師ぎしengineer,technician
記者きしゃreporter
きずwound,injury,hurt,cut
期待きたいexpectation,anticipation,hope
帰宅きたくreturning home
貴重きちょうprecious,valuable
議長ぎちょうchairman
きちんとprecisely,accurately
きついtight,close,intense
気付くきづくto notice,to recognize,to become aware of
気に入るきにいるto be pleased with,to suit
記入きにゅうentry,filling in of forms
記念きねんcommemoration,memory
機能きのうfunction,faculty
気の毒きのどくpitiful,a pity
寄付きふcontribution,donation
希望きぼうhope,wish,aspiration
基本きほんfoundation,basis,standard
決まりきまりsettlement,conclusion,regulation,rule
気味きみ-like,-looking,-looked
奇妙きみょうstrange,queer,curious
義務ぎむduty,obligation,responsibility
疑問ぎもんquestion,problem,doubt,guess
ぎゃくreverse,opposite
きゅうex-
きゅうclass, grade, rank,school class, grade
きゅうglobe,sphere,ball
きゅう / くnine
休暇きゅうかholiday,day off,furlough
休憩きゅうけいrest,break,recess,intermission
急激きゅうげきsudden,precipitous,radical
吸収きゅうしゅうabsorption,suction,attraction
救助きゅうじょrelief,aid,rescue
急速きゅうそくrapid (e.g. progress)
急にきゅうにsuddenly
給料きゅうりょうsalary,wages
器用きようskillful,handy
教科書きょうかしょtext book
競技きょうぎgame,match,contest
行儀ぎょうぎmanners
供給きょうきゅうsupply,provision
教師きょうしteacher (classroom)
教授きょうじゅteaching,instruction,professor
強調きょうちょうemphasis,stress,stressed point
共通きょうつうcommonness,community
共同きょうどうcooperation,association,collaboration,joint
恐怖きょうふbe afraid,dread,dismay,terror
協力きょうりょくcooperation,collaboration
強力きょうりょくherculean strength,mountain carrier-guide
きょかpermission,approval
きょくa bureau, department
きょくa pole
巨大きょだいhuge,gigantic,enormous
嫌うきらうto hate,to dislike,to loathe
きりfog,mist
切れきれcloth,piece,cut,chop
切れるきれる(1) to cut well,to be sharp,(2) to break (off)
キロ(abbr) kilo-,kilogram,kilometre,10^3
記録きろくrecord,minutes,document
議論ぎろんargument,discussion,dispute
きん(1) gold,(2) gold general (shogi) (abbr)
ぎん(1) silver,silver coin,silver paint
禁煙きんえんNo Smoking!
金額きんがくamount of money
金庫きんこsafe,vault,treasury,provider of funds
禁止きんしprohibition,ban
金銭きんせんmoney,cash
金属きんぞくmetal
近代きんだいmodern ages
緊張きんちょうtension,mental strain,nervousness
筋肉きんにくmuscle,sinew
金融きんゆうfinance, monetary circulation,
金曜きんよう(abbr) Friday
nine
sentence
食うくう(male) (vulg) to eat
偶然ぐうぜん(by) chance,unexpectedly,suddenly
臭いくさいstink, smelly (bad)
くさりchain
腐るくさるto rot,to go bad
くせa habit (often a bad habit),peculiarity
くだpipe,tube
具体ぐたいconcrete,tangible,material
下さるくださる(hon) to give,to confer
下りくだりdown-train (going away from Tokyo)
苦痛くつうpain,agony
ぐっすりsound asleep,fast asleep
区別くべつdistinction,differentiation,classification
くみclass,group,team,set
組合くみあいassociation,union
組むくむto put together
くもりcloudiness,cloudy weather,shadow
くらいgrade,rank,about
暮らしくらしliving,livelihood,subsistence,circumstances
暮らすくらすto live,to get along
繰り返すくりかえすto repeat,to do something over again
狂うくるうto go mad,to get out of order
苦しいくるしいpainful,difficult
苦しむくるしむto suffer,to groan,to be worried
暮れくれyear end,sunset,nightfall,end
苦労くろうtroubles,hardships
加えるくわえるto append,to sum up,to add (up)
詳しいくわしいknowing very well,detailed,full,accurate
加わるくわわるto join in,to accede to,to increase,to gain in (influence)
くんnative Japanese reading of a Chinese character
ぐんarmy,force,troops
軍隊ぐんたいarmy,troops
訓練くんれんpractice,training
under,below,beneath
敬意けいいrespect,honour
経営けいえいmanagement,administration
計画けいかく・するplan,project,schedule,scheme,program,to plan
景気けいきbusiness climate, condition,state
経験けいけん・するexperience, to experience
傾向けいこうtendency,trend,inclination
警告けいこくwarning,advice
計算けいさんcalculation,reckoning
掲示けいじnotice,bulletin
刑事けいじa police detective
芸術げいじゅつ(fine) art,the arts
契約けいやくcontract,compact,agreement
経由けいゆgo by the way,via
怪我けが・するinjury (to animate object),hurt, to injure
げきdrama,play
劇場げきじょうtheatre,playhouse
化粧けしょうmake-up (cosmetic)
けちstinginess,miser,miserliness
結果けっかresult,consequence
欠陥けっかんdefect,fault,deficiency
結局けっきょくafter all,eventually
決心けっしんdetermination,resolution
欠席けっせきabsence,non-attendance
決定けっていdecision,determination
欠点けってんfaults,defect,weakness
月曜げつよう・げつようびMonday
結論けつろんconclusion
けむりsmoke,fumes
けんticket,coupon,bond,certificate
けんprefecture
けんa couter for house
喧嘩けんかquarrel,(drunken) brawl,failure
見解けんかいopinion,point of view
限界げんかいlimit,bound
現金げんきんcash,ready money,mercenary,
言語げんごlanguage
健康けんこうhealth,sound,wholesome
検査けんさinspection (e.g. customs, factory),examination
現在げんざいpresent,up to now,nowadays,modern times,current
現実げんじつreality
現象げんしょうphenomenon
現状げんじょうpresent condition,existing state,status quo
建設けんせつconstruction,establishment
現代げんだいnowadays,modern times,present-day
建築けんちくconstruction,architecture
見当けんとうbe found,aim,estimate,guess,approx
検討けんとうconsideration,examination,investigation,study,scrutiny
現場げんばactual spot,scene,scene of the crime
憲法けんぽうconstitution
権利けんりright,privilege
afterwards,since then,in the future
suffix for language,word
こいlove,tender passion
濃いこいthick (as of color, liquid),dense,strong
恋人こいびとlover,sweetheart
幸運こううんgood luck,fortune
講演こうえんlecture,address
効果こうかeffect,effectiveness,efficacy,result
硬貨こうかcoin
高価こうかhigh price
豪華ごうかwonderful,gorgeous,splendor,pomp,extravagance
合格ごうかくsuccess,passing (e.g. exam),eligibility
交換こうかんexchange,interchange,reciprocity
航空こうくうaviation,flying
光景こうけいscene,spectacle
合計ごうけいsum total,total amount
攻撃こうげきattack,strike,offensive,criticism,censure
貢献こうけんcontribution,services
広告こうこくadvertisement
交際こうさいcompany,friendship,association,society,acquaintance
後者こうしゃthe latter
構成こうせいorganization,composition
高速こうそくhigh speed,high gear
行動こうどうaction,conduct,behaviour,mobilization
強盗ごうとうrobbery,burglary
幸福こうふくhappiness,blessedness
公平こうへいfairness,impartial,justice
候補こうほcandidacy
考慮こうりょconsideration,taking into account
越えるこえるto exceed,to cross over,to cross
こおりice,hail
凍るこおるto freeze,to be frozen over,to congeal
誤解ごかいmisunderstanding
語学ごがくlanguage study
呼吸こきゅうbreath,respiration
故郷こきょうhome town,birthplace,old village,historic village
国語こくごnational language
黒板こくばんblackboard
克服こくふくsubjugation,conquest
国民こくみんnational,people,citizen
穀物こくもつgrain,cereal,corn
ここここhere
こしhip
故障こしょうbreak-down,failure,accident,out of order
個人こじんindividual,private person,personal,private
越すこすto go over (e.g. with audience)
国家こっかstate,country,nation
国会こっかいNational Diet,parliament,congress
国境こっきょうnational or state border
骨折こっせつbone fracture
小包こづつみparcel,package
ことthing,matter,fact,circumstances
異なることなるto differ,to vary,to disagree
ことわざproverb,maxim
断ることわるto refuse,to decline,to dismiss
こなflour,meal,powder
このこのthis
好みこのみliking,taste,choice
好むこのむto like,to prefer
ごみdust,dirt rubbish
小麦こむぎwheat
ごめんなさいI beg your pardon,excuse me
小屋こやhut,cabin,shed,(animal) pen
これらthese
ころtime,about,toward,approximately (time)
殺すころすto kill
転ぶころぶto fall down,to fall over
今回こんかいnow,this time,lately
今後こんごfrom now on,hereafter
混雑こんざつcongestion,
こんなにso,like this,in this way
困難こんなんdifficulty,distress
今日こんにちtoday,this day
こんにちはhello,good day (daytime greeting, id)
婚約こんやくengagement,betrothal
混乱こんらんdisorder,chaos,confusion,mayhem
difference,variation
さいon the occasion of,circumstances
最高さいこうhighest,supreme,the most
財産ざいさんproperty,fortune,assets
最終さいしゅうlast,final,closing
最中さいちゅうin the middle of
最低さいていleast,lowest,worst
才能さいのうtalent,ability
裁判さいばんtrial,judgement
材料ざいりょうingredients,material
幸いさいわいhappiness,blessedness
さかいborder,boundary,mental state
逆らうさからうto go against,to oppose,to disobey,to defy
盛りさかりthe highest, the peak, prime
作業さぎょうwork,operation,manufacturing,fatigue duty
作品さくひんwork,opus,performance,production
作物さくもつproduce (e.g. agricultural),crops
さくらcherry blossom,cherry tree
さけalcohol,sake
叫ぶさけぶto shout,to cry
避けるさける(1) to avoid (physical contact ),(2) to ward off,to avert
支えるささえるto support, to hold, maintain
指すさすto point,to put up umbrella,to play
座席ざせきseat
誘うさそう(1) to invite,to ask,(2) to tempt,to lure,to induce
さつ(1) token,label,(2) ticket,(3) charm
作家さっかauthor,writer,novelist,artist
作曲さっきょくcomposition,setting (of music)
ざっとroughly,in round numbers
さっぱりfeeling refreshed,feeling relieved,neat,trimmed
さてwell,now,then
砂漠さばくdesert
差別さべつdiscrimination,distinction,differentiation
作法さほうmanners,etiquette,propriety
様々さまざまvaried,various
覚ますさますto awaken
覚めるさめるto wake,to wake up
左右さゆう(1) left and right,(2) influence,control,domination
さらplate,dish
更にさらにfurthermore,again,after all,more and more,moreover
去るさるto leave,to go away
さるmonkey
騒ぎさわぎuproar,disturbance
参加さんかparticipation
参考さんこうreference,consultation
賛成さんせいapproval,agreement,support,favour
酸素さんそoxygen
散歩さんぽwalk,stroll
family name,lineage,birth
poem,verse of poetry
し/よんfour
幸せしあわせhappiness,good fortune,luck,blessing
ジェット機ジェットきjet aeroplane
直にじかにimmediately,readily,directly
しかもmoreover,furthermore,nevertheless,and yet
叱るしかるto scold
しきequation,formula,ceremony
じきearnestly,immediately,exactly
時期じきtime,season,period
支給しきゅうpayment,allowance
しきりにfrequently,repeatedly,incessantly,eagerly
刺激しげきstimulus,impetus,incentive
資源しげんresources
事件じけんevent,affair,incident
時刻じこくinstant,time,moment
自殺じさつsuicide
事実じじつfact,truth,reality
支出ししゅつexpenditure,expenses
事情じじょうcircumstances,consideration,conditions,situation,reasons
詩人しじんpoet
自身じしんby oneself,personally
沈むしずむto sink,to feel depressed
自然しぜんnature,spontaneous
思想しそうthought,idea
したtongue
次第しだい(1) order,precedence,(2) circumstances,(3) immediate(ly)
事態じたいsituation,present state of affairs
従うしたがうto abide (by the rules),to obey,to follow,to accompany
したがってしたがってtherefore,consequently,in accordance with
支度したく・するpreparation, to prepare
親しいしたしいintimate,close (e.g. friend)
しち・ななseven
しつquality,nature (of person)
失業しつぎょうunemployment
実験じっけんexperiment
実現じつげんimplementation,materialization,realization
実行じっこうpractice,performance,execution (e.g. program),realization
実際じっさいpractical,actual condition,status quo
実施じっしenforcement,enact,put into practice,carry out,operation
じっとfixedly,firmly,patiently,quietly
実にじつにindeed,truly,surely
実はじつはas a matter of fact,by the way
失望しつぼうdisappointment,despair
支店してんbranch store (office)
指導しどうleadership,guidance,coaching
自動じどうautomatic,self-motion
しなthing,article,goods,dignity,article (goods),counter for meal courses
支配しはいrule,control,direction
芝居しばいplay,drama
しばしばoften,again and again,frequently
芝生しばふlawn
支払しはらいpayment
支払うしはらうto pay
死亡しぼうdeath,mortality
資本しほんfunds,capital
姉妹しまいsisters
しまうto finish, to close, put an end
しまったDamn it!
自慢じまんpride,boast
事務じむbusiness,office work
示すしめすto denote,to show,to point out,to indicate
占めるしめる(1) to comprise,to account for,to make up (of),(2) to hold,to occupy
しもunder,below,beneath
しもfrost
借金しゃっきんdebt,loan,liabilities
しゃべるto talk,to chat,to chatter
邪魔じゃまhindrance,intrusion
しゅうweek
しゅうa state, province, county
じゅう10,ten
じゅうgun
周囲しゅういsurroundings,circumference,environs
収穫しゅうかくharvest,crop,ingathering
週間しゅうかんweek,weekly
宗教しゅうきょうreligion
重視じゅうしimportance,stress,serious consideration
就職しゅうしょくfinding employment,inauguration
修正しゅうせいamendment,correction,revision,modification
渋滞じゅうたいcongestion (e.g. traffic),delay,stagnation
重大じゅうだいserious,important,grave,weighty
住宅じゅうたくresident,housing
集団しゅうだんgroup,mass
集中しゅうちゅうconcentration,focusing the mind
収入しゅうにゅうincome,receipts,revenue
住民じゅうみんcitizens,inhabitants,residents,population
重要じゅうようimportant, momentous, essential, principal, major
修理しゅうりrepairing,mending
主義しゅぎdoctrine,rule,principle
宿泊しゅくはくlodging
手術しゅじゅつsurgical operation
首相しゅしょうPrime Minister
手段しゅだんmeans,way,measure
主張しゅちょうclaim,request,insistence,assertion
出身しゅっしんgraduate from,come from
出席しゅっせき・するattendance,presence, to attend
出発しゅっぱつ・するdeparture, to depart
出版しゅっぱんpublication
首都しゅとcapital city
主婦しゅふhousewife,
主要しゅようchief,main,principal,major
需要じゅようdemand,request
種類しゅるいvariety,kind,type
じゅんorder,turn
瞬間しゅんかんmoment,second,instant
順調じゅんちょうfavourable,doing well,O.K.,all right
順番じゅんばんturn (in line),order of things
準備じゅんび・するpreparation,arrangements,provision,reserve, to prepare
しょうsmall
しょう(1) chapter,section,(2) medal
しょうprize,award
使用しようuse,application,employment,utilization
じょう(1) first volume,(2) superior quality,
障害しょうがいobstacle,impediment (fault),damage
奨学金しょうがくきんscholarship
乗客じょうきゃくpassenger
上京じょうきょうproceeding to the capital (Tokyo)
状況じょうきょうstate of affairs,situation,circumstances
条件じょうけんconditions,terms
正午しょうごnoon,mid-day
正直しょうじきhonesty,integrity,frankness
常識じょうしきcommon sense
少女しょうじょdaughter,young lady,virgin,maiden,little girl
少々しょうしょうjust a minute,small quantity
症状しょうじょうsymptoms,condition
生じるしょうじるto produce,to yield,to result from,to arise,to be generated
状態じょうたいcondition,situation,circumstances,state
招待しょうたい・するinvitation, to invite
上達じょうたつimprovement,advance,progress
冗談じょうだんjest,joke
承知しょうち・するconsent,acceptance,assent,admitting, to consent
上等じょうとうsuperiority,first class,very good
衝突しょうとつcollision,conflict
商人しょうにんtrader,shopkeeper,merchant
承認しょうにんrecognition,acknowledgement,approval,consent,agreement
少年しょうねんboys,juveniles
商売しょうばいtrade,business,commerce,transaction,occupation
消費しょうひconsumption,expenditure
商品しょうひんcommodity,article of commerce,goods,stock,merchandise
消防しょうぼうfire fighting,fire department
情報じょうほうinformation,(military) intelligence
証明しょうめいproof,verification
女王じょおうqueen
しょくemployment
職業しょくぎょうoccupation,business
食事しょくじ・するmeal, to have a meal
食卓しょくたくdining table
食品しょくひんcommodity,foodstuff
植物しょくぶつplant,vegetation
食物しょくもつfood,foodstuff
食欲しょくよくappetite (for food)
食料しょくりょうfood
食糧しょくりょうprovisions,rations
書斎しょさいstudy
女子じょしwoman,girl
助手じょしゅhelper,helpmeet,assistant,tutor
徐々にじょじょにslowly,little by little,gradually,steadily,quietly
署名しょめいsignature
書物しょもつbooks
女優じょゆうactress
処理しょりprocessing,dealing with,treatment,disposition,disposal
書類しょるいdocuments,official papers
知らせしらせnotice
しりbuttocks,bottom
しるし(1) mark,(2) symbol,(3) evidence
しろcastle
進学しんがくgoing on to a higher level school,
神経しんけいnerve,sensitivity
真剣しんけんseriousness,earnestness
信仰しんこう(religious) faith,belief,creed
信号しんごうtraffic lights,signal,semaphore
人工じんこうartificial,manmade,human work,human skill,artificiality
深刻しんこくserious
診察しんさつmedical examination
人種じんしゅrace (of people)
信じるしんじるto believe,to place trust in
人生じんせい(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
親戚しんせきrelative
新鮮しんせんfresh
心臓しんぞうheart (organ)
身体しんたいthe body
身長しんちょうheight (of body),stature
慎重しんちょうdiscretion,prudence
心配しんぱい・するworry,concern,anxiety,care, to worry
審判しんぱんrefereeing,trial,judgement,umpire,referee
人物じんぶつcharacter,personality,person,man,personage,talented man
進歩しんぽprogress,development
親友しんゆうclose friend,buddy
信用しんようconfidence,dependence,credit,faith
信頼しんらいreliance,trust,confidence
心理しんりpshcyology, mental state
人類じんるいmankind,humanity
sandbank
nest,rookery,breeding place,beehive,cobweb
figure (e.g. Fig 1),drawing,picture,illustration
水準すいじゅん(1) level, standard, (2) water level
推薦すいせんrecommendation
随分ずいぶんextremely
睡眠すいみんsleep
すうnumber,figure
数字すうじnumeral,figure
すえthe end of,powder
姿すがたfigure,shape,appearance
空くすく(1) to open,to become empty,(2) to be less crowded
救うすくうto rescue from,to help out of
優れるすぐれるto surpass,to outstrip,to excel
すごいterrible,dreadful,terrific,amazing,great
少しもすこしもanything of,not one bit
過ごすすごすto pass,to spend,to go through,to tide over
すじmuscle,string,line
進めるすすめるto advance,to promote,to hasten
勧めるすすめるto recommend,to advise,to encourage,to offer (wine)
頭痛ずつうheadache
ずっとconsecutively,throughout,a lot
すてきlovely,dreamy,beautiful,great
既にすでにalready,too late
すなわちthat is,namely,i.e.
素晴らしいすばらしいwonderful,splendid,magnificent
全てすべてall,the whole,entirely,in general,wholly
全てすべてall,whole,entire,complete,overall,pan
済ませるすませるto be finished
すみませんsorry,excuse me
為るするto do
するとするとthereupon,hereupon
鋭いするどいpointed,sharp
せいheight,stature
せい(logical) true,regular
せいsex,gender
所為せいcause,reason,fault
ぜいa tax
性格せいかくcharacter,personality
正確せいかくaccurate,punctuality,exactness,authenticity,veracity
世紀せいきcentury,era
請求せいきゅうclaim,demand,application,request
税金ぜいきんtax,duty
清潔せいけつclean
制限せいげんrestriction,restraint,limitation
成功せいこうsuccess,hit
生産せいさんproduction,manufacture
正式せいしきdue form,official,formality
精神せいしんmind,soul,heart,spirit,intention
成人せいじんadult
精々せいぜいat the most,at best,to the utmost,as much (far) as possible
成績せいせきresults,record
製造せいぞうmanufacture,production
贅沢ぜいたくluxury,extravagance
成長せいちょうgrowth,grow to adulthood
制度せいどsystem,institution,organization
青年せいねんyouth,young man
製品せいひんmanufactured goods,finished goods
政府せいふgovernment,administration
生物せいぶつraw food
生命せいめいlife,existence
整理せいりsorting,arrangement,adjustment,regulation
せきcough
石炭せきたんcoal
責任せきにんduty,responsibility
石油せきゆoil,petroleum,kerosene
世間せけんworld,society
せつtheory
積極的せっきょくてきpositive,active,proactive
設計せっけいplan,design
絶対ぜったいabsolute,unconditional,absoluteness
設備せつびequipment,device,facilities,installation
絶滅ぜつめつdestruction,extinction
節約せつやくeconomising,saving
是非ぜひcertainly,without fail
責めるせめるto condemn,to blame,to criticize
世話せわ・するlooking after,help,aid,assistance, to look after
ぜんgood,goodness,right,virtue
全員ぜんいんall members (unanimity),all hands,the whole crew
専攻せんこうmajor subject,special study
全国ぜんこくcountry-wide,nation-wide,whole country,national
先日せんじつthe other day,a few days ago
前者ぜんしゃthe former
選手せんしゅ(1) player (in game),(2) team
前進ぜんしんadvance,drive,progress
全然ぜんぜん(1) wholly,entirely,completely,(2) not at all (with neg. verb)
全体ぜんたいwhole,entirety,whatever (is the matter)
選択せんたくselection,choice
そうそうso
ぞうelephant
騒音そうおんnoise
増加ぞうかincrease,addition
操作そうさoperation,management,processing
掃除そうじ/そうじするcleaning,sweeping, to clean, to sweep
想像そうぞうimagination,guess
相続そうぞくsuccession,inheritance
相談そうだん/そうだんするconsultation,discussion,to consult, to discuss
装置そうちequipment,installation,apparatus
相当そうとうsuitable,fair,tolerable,proper
速度そくどspeed,velocity,rate
そこbottom,sole
そこでso (conj),accordingly,now,then,thereupon
組織そしき(1) organization,(2) structure,construction,(3) tissue,(4) system
そしてand
注ぐそそぐto pour (into),to irrigate,to pay,to fill,to feed (e.g. a fire)
育つそだつto raise (child),to be brought up,to grow (up)
そっくりall,altogether,entirely,be just like,the splitting image of
そっとface of the earth
そでsleeve
備えるそなえるto furnish,to provide for,to equip,to install
そのそのthe,that
そのうちeventually,sooner or later,of the previously mentioned
そのままwithout change,as it is (i.e. now)
そばside,edge,third person
粗末そまつcrude,rough,plain,humble
それit,that
それぞれeach,every,either,respectively,severally
それでもbut (still),and yet,nevertheless,even so,notwithstanding
それともor,or else
そんloss,disadvantage
損害そんがいdamage,injury,loss
尊敬そんけいrespect,esteem,reverence,honour
存在そんざいexistence,being
尊重そんちょうrespect,esteem,regard
rice field
other (esp. places and things)
だいstand,rack,table,support, counter for machine
だいtitle,subject,theme,topic
体育たいいくphysical education,gymnastics,athletics
体温たいおんtemperature (body)
大会たいかいconvention,tournament,mass meeting,rally
大気たいきthe air, atmosphere
代金だいきんprice,payment,cost,charge
退屈たいくつtedium,boredom
滞在たいざいstay,sojourn
大使たいしambassador
大したたいしたconsiderable,great,important,significant,a big deal
対象たいしょうtarget,object (of worship, study, etc),subject (of taxation, etc)
大臣だいじんcabinet minister
対するたいするto face,to confront,to oppose
大戦たいせんgreat war,great battle
大抵たいていusually,generally
態度たいどattitude,manner
大統領だいとうりょうpresident,chief executive
大半たいはんmajority,mostly,generally
代表だいひょうrepresentative,representation,delegation,type,example,model
大部分だいぶぶんmost part,greater part,majority
大変たいへんawful,dreadful,terrible,very
逮捕たいほarrest,apprehension,capture
太陽たいようsun,solar
平らたいらflatness,level,smooth,calm,plain
代理だいりrepresentation,agency,proxy,deputy,agent
大陸たいりくcontinent
倒すたおすto throw down,to beat,to bring down,to blow down
だがだがhowever
互いたがいmutual,reciprocal
たからtreasure
だからだからso,therefore
たくhouse,home,husband
だけどhowever
確かめるたしかめるto ascertain, confirm
多少たしょうmore or less,somewhat,a little,some
助けるたすけるto help,to save,to rescue
ただfree of charge,
ただmere,sole,only
戦いたたかいbattle,fight,struggle,conflict
戦うたたかうto fight,to battle,to combat
叩くたたくto strike,to clap,to dust,to beat
直ちにただちにat once,immediately,directly,in person
立ち上がるたちあがるto stand up
立場たちばstandpoint,position,situation
経つたつto pass,to lapse
達するたっするto reach,to get to