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JLPT N3 vocab list

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JLPT N3 vocab list

This is not a cumulative list. (It doesn't contain the vocab needed by JLPT N4 and below). Click here for a cumulative list.

VocabList.N3.doc (1.6 MB)
VocabList.N3.pdf (2.4 MB)
n3-vocab-kanji-eng.mem (413.1 KB)
n3-vocab-kanji-hiragana.mem (363.4 KB)
n3-vocab-kanji-eng.anki (1.6 MB)
n3-vocab-kanji-hiragana.anki (1.4 MB)
KanjiHiraganaEnglish
あいlove
愛情あいじょうlove, affection
合図あいずsign, signal
愛するあいするto love
相手あいてcompanion, partner, company
あいにくunfortunately, Sorry, but....
明かりあかりlamplight, light (in general),brightness
空きあきroom, time to spare, emptiness
明らかあきらかobvious, evident, clear
諦めるあきらめるto give up, to abandon
飽きるあきるto get tired of, to lose interest in, to have enough
握手あくしゅhandshake
悪魔あくまdevil, demon, evil spirit
明けるあけるto dawn, to become daylight
預けるあずけるto give into custody, to entrust, to deposit
あせsweat, perspiration
与えるあたえるto give, to present, to award
暖かいあたたか(い)warm, mild
辺りあたりvicinity, nearby
当たるあたるto be hit, to be successful, to be equivalent to
あちこちhere and there
あっAh!, Oh!
扱うあつかうto handle, to deal with, to treat
集まりあつまりgathering, meeting, assembly, collection
当てるあてるto hit, to apply a patch
あと(1) trace, tracks, mark, sign, (2) remains, ruins, (3) scar
あなhole
浴びるあびるto bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
あぶらoil
余りあまりnot very (used as adverb),not much
誤りあやまりerror
粗いあらいCoarse
あらしstorm, tempest
新たあらたnew, fresh, novel
あらゆるall, every
表すあらわすto express, to show, to reveal
現すあらわすto show, to indicate, to display
現れあらわれembodiment, materialization
現れるあらわれる(1) to appear, to come in sight, to become visible,(2) to express oneself
ありがとう(conj,exp,int) Thank you
有るあるto be, to have(used for inanimate objects)
あるa certain...,some...
あるいはor, possibly
あわbubble, foam, froth, head on beer
合わせるあわせるto join together, to be opposite, to face, to unite
哀れあわれhelpless, pity, sorrow, grief
あんplan, suffix meaning draft
暗記あんきmemorization, learning by heart
安定あんていstability, equilibrium
案内あんない・するinformation, guidance, leading, to guide
あんなにto that extent, to that degree
あんまりnot very, not much, remainder, rest
stomach
委員いいんcommittee member
いえいえ same as いいえ in spoken
意外いがいunexpected, surprising
いきbreath, tone
行きいき/ゆきgoing,
勢いいきおいforce, vigour, energy, spirit
生き物いきものliving thing, animal
幾ついくつhow many?, how old?
幾らいくらhow much?,
いけないmust not do, bad, wrong, not good
医師いしdoctor, physician
意思いしmind, intention
意志いしwill, volition
維持いじmaintenance, preservation
意識いしきconsciousness, senses
異常いじょうstrangeness, abnormality, disorder
椅子いすchair
いずみspring, fountain
いずれwhich, either, one
以前いぜんago since, before, previous
いたboard, plank
偉大いだいgreatness
抱くいだく(sl) to embrace, to hug, to harbour, to entertain
いたずらtease, prank, trick, practical joke
いただきますexpression of gratitude before meals
頂くいただくto receive, to take food or drink (hum)
痛みいたみpain, ache, sore, grief, distress
至るいたるto come, to arrive
いちmarket, fair
位置いちplace, situation, position, location
一時いちじmoment, time
一度にいちどにall at once
市場いちば(the) market (as a concept)
一番いちばんbest, first, number one
一家いっかa house, a home, a family, a household
いつかsometime, someday, one day
一種いっしゅa species, a kind, a variety
一瞬いっしゅんa moment, an instant
一生いっしょうwhole life, a lifetime, all through life
一層いっそうmuch more, still more, all the more
一体いったい(1) one object, one body,(2) what on earth?, really?,(3) generally
一致いっち(1) coincidence, agreement,(2) conformity
いつでも(at) any time, always, at all times, never (neg)
一般いっぱんgeneral, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
一方いっぽう(1) on the other hand,(2) meanwhile,(3) only, simple, in turn
いつまでもforever, for good, eternally, as long as one likes, indefinitely
いつもalways, usually, every time, never (with neg. verb)
移動いどうremoval, migration, movement
従兄弟いとこcousin (male)
いねrice-plant
居眠りいねむりdozing, nodding off
いのち,life, destiny
違反いはんviolation (of law),transgression, infringement, breach
衣服いふくclothes
居間いまliving room (western style)
今にいまにbefore long, even now
今にもいまにもat any time, soon
いやno, the nose
以来いらいsince, henceforth
依頼いらい(1) request, commission, dispatch,(2) dependence, trust
いらいらgetting nervous, irritation
いらっしゃいwelcome
医療いりょうmedical care, medical treatment
いわrock, crag
祝いいわいcelebration, festival
祝ういわうto congratulate, to celebrate
言わばいわばso to speak
いわゆるthe so-called, so to speak
印刷いんさつprinting
印象いんしょうimpression
引退いんたいretire
引用いんようquotation, citation
うおfish
うがいgargle, rinse mouth
伺ううかがう(hon) to visit, to ask, to inquire
受け取るうけとるto receive, to get, to accept, to take
動かすうごかすto move, to shift
うさぎrabbit, hare
うしcattle, cow
失ううしなうto lose, to part with
後ろうしろafterwards, since then, in the future, behind
うそlie, falsehood, incorrect fact, inappropriate
疑ううたがうto doubt, to distrust, to be suspicious of, to suspect
うちinside
宇宙うちゅうuniverse, cosmos, space
撃つうつto attack, to defeat, to destroy
移すうつすto remove, to transfer, to infect
訴えるうったえるto sue (a person),to resort to, to appeal to
うなるto groan, to moan
奪ううばうto snatch away
うま(1) horse,(2) promoted bishop (shogi)
うまいうまいbe good at, delicious (spoken)
生まれうまれbirth, birth-place
うめplum, plum-tree, lowest (of a three-tier ranking system)
裏切るうらぎるto betray, to turn traitor to, to double-cross
得るうるto get, to gain, to win
嬉しいうれしいhappy, glad, pleasant
売れるうれるto be sold
うわさrumour, report, gossip, common talk
うんfortune, luck
運転うんてん・するoperation, motion, driving, to drive
運動うんどう・するmotion, exercise, to exercise
handle, grip
永遠えいえんeternity, perpetuity, immortality, permanence
永久えいきゅうeternity ,perpetuity, immortality
影響えいきょうinfluence, effect
営業えいぎょうbusiness, trade, management
衛星えいせいsatellite
栄養えいようnutrition, nourishment
笑顔えがおsmiling face
描くえがくto draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
えさfeed, bait
得るえるto get, to gain, to win
えんcircle, money
えんrelation, connection, ties, fate
延期えんきpostponement, adjournment
演技えんぎacting, performance
援助えんじょassistance, aid, support
演説えんぜつspeech, address
演奏えんそうmusical performance
遠慮えんりょdiffidence, restraint, reserve
honourable
老いおいold age, old person, the old, the aged
追い付くおいつくto overtake, to catch up (with)
おうking, ruler, sovereign, monarch
追うおうto chase, to run after
王様おうさまking
王子おうじprince
応じるおうじるto respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
横断おうだんcrossing
終えるおえるto finish
大いにおおいにvery, much, greatly
覆うおおうto cover, to hide, to conceal, to wrap, to disguise
大家おおやrich family, distinguished family
おかhill, height, knoll, rising ground
おきopen sea
おくinterior, inner part
贈るおくるto send, to give to, to award to, to confer on
起こるおこるto occur, to happen
幼いおさないvery young, childish
収めるおさめるto obtain, to reap, to pay, to supply, to accept
おしゃべりchattering, talk, idle talk
汚染おせんpollution, contamination
おそらくperhaps
恐れるおそれるto fear, to be afraid of
恐ろしいおそろしいterrible, dreadful
お互いおたがいmutual, reciprocal, each other
穏やかおだやかcalm, gentle, quiet
男の人おとこのひとman
劣るおとるto fall behind, to be inferior to
お腹おなかstomach, tummy
おにogre, demon, it (i.e., in a game of tag)
おびband (e.g. conduction, valence)
お昼おひるlunch, noon
溺れるおぼれるto be drowned, to indulge in
おまえ(fam) you (sing)
おめでとうCongratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
思い出おもいでmemories, recollections, reminiscence
主におもにmainly, primarily
思わずおもわずunintentional, spontaneous
泳ぎおよぎswimming
およそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
及ぼすおよぼすto exert, to cause, to exercise
居るおるto be (animate),to be, to exist
下すおろすto lower, to let go down
降ろすおろすto take down, to launch, to drop
おんsound, note
おんfavour, obligation, debt of gratitude
温暖おんだんwarmth
温度おんどtemperature
passable
counter for chapters (of a book) section
かいmeeting, assembly, party, association, club
かいcounter for occurrences
がいinjury, harm, evil influence, damage
会員かいいんmember, the membership
絵画かいがpicture, paintings
海外かいがいforeign, abroad, overseas
会計かいけいaccount, finance, accountant
解決かいけつsettlement, solution, resolution
会合かいごうmeeting, assembly
外交がいこうdiplomacy
開始かいしstart, commencement, beginning
解釈かいしゃくexplanation, interpretation
外出がいしゅつouting, going out
改善かいぜんbetterment, improvement
快適かいてきpleasant, agreeable, comfortable
回復かいふくrecovery (from illness),improvement, rehabilitation, restoration
飼うかうto keep, to raise, to feed
替える/換えるかえるto exchange, to interchange, to substitute, to replace
香りかおりaroma, fragrance, scent, smell
画家がかpainter, artist
抱えるかかえるto hold or carry under or in the arms
価格かかくprice, value, cost
化学かがくchemistry
輝くかがやくto shine, to glitter, to sparkle
かかりofficial, duty, person in charge
掛かるかかるto take (e.g. time, money, etc),to hang
罹るかかるto suffer from
かぎkey
限るかぎるto restrict,to limit,to confine
描くかくto draw,to paint,to sketch,to depict,to describe
家具かぐfurniture
がくlearning,scholarship,erudition,knowledge
がくpicture frame
覚悟かくごresolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
確実かくじつcertainty, reliability, soundness
学者がくしゃscholar
学習がくしゅうstudy,learning
隠すかくすto hide,to conceal
拡大かくだいmagnification, enlargement
確認かくにんaffirmation, confirmation
学問がくもんscholarship, study, learning
隠れるかくれるto hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
かげshade, shadow, other side
かげshade,shadow,other side
欠けるかけるto be lacking
加減かげんaddition and subtraction,allowance for
過去かこthe past,bygone days,the previous
かごbasket,cage
囲むかこむto surround,to encircle
火災かさいconflagration,fire
菓子かしpastry
家事かじhousework,domestic chores
賢いかしこいwise,clever,smart
歌手かしゅsinger
かずnumber,figure
稼ぐかせぐto earn income,to labor
数えるかぞえるto count
かたmold,model,style,shape,data-type
かたshoulder
硬いかたいsolid,hard (esp. metal, stone),unpolished writing
方々かたがたpersons,this and that,here and there,everywhere
かたちshape, form
かたなsword,saber,knife,engraving tool
語るかたるto talk,to tell,to recite
勝ちかちwin,victory
価値かちvalue,worth,merit
がっかりfeel disappointed,be dejected,lose heart
活気かっきenergy,liveliness
学期がっきterm (school)
格好かっこうshape,form,posture,suitability,appearance
活動かつどうaction,activity
活用かつようconjugation,practical use
悲しむかなしむto be sad,to mourn for,to regret
必ずしもかならずしも(not) always,(not) necessarily,(not) all,(not) entirely
かなりconsiderably,fairly,quite
かね(1) gold,(2) gold general (shogi) (abbr)
可能かのうpossible,practicable,feasible
かぶshare,stock,stump (of tree)
被るかぶるto put on , wear, cover (one's) head,
構うかまうto mind,to care about,to be concerned about
我慢がまんpatience,endurance,perseverance
かみ(1) first volume,(2) superior quality,(3) governmental
かみgod
かみなりthunder
髪の毛かみのけhair (head)
科目かもく(school) subject,curriculum,course
かもしれないmay,might,perhaps,may be,possibly
火曜かよう(abbr) Tuesday
からempty
がらpattern
刈るかるto cut (hair),to mow (grass),to harvest
彼等かれらthey (usually male)
かわriver
かわriver,stream
かわskin,hide,leather,fur,pelt,bark,shell
かわleather
かわいそうpoor,pitiable,pathetic
かわいらしいlovely,sweet
かんcan,tin
かんperception,intuition,the sixth sense
考えかんがえthinking,thought,ideas,intention
感覚かんかくsense,sensation
観客かんきゃくaudience,spectator(s)
環境かんきょうenvironment,circumstance
歓迎かんげいwelcome,reception
観光かんこうsightseeing
観察かんさつobservation,survey
感じかんじfeeling,sense,impression
感謝かんしゃthanks,gratitude
患者かんじゃa patient
勘定かんじょうcalculation,counting,consideration
感情かんじょうemotion(s),feeling(s),sentiment
感じるかんじるto feel,to sense,to experience
感心かんしんadmiration,Well done!
関心かんしんconcern,interest
関するかんするto concern,to be related
完成かんせい(1) complete,completion,(2) perfection,accomplishment
完全かんぜんperfection,completeness
感動かんどうbeing deeply moved,excitement,impression,deep emotion
監督かんとくsupervision,control,superintendence
管理かんりcontrol,management (e.g. of a business)
完了かんりょうcompletion,conclusion
関連かんれんrelation,connection,relevance
議員ぎいんmember of the Diet, congress or parliament
記憶きおくmemory,recollection,remembrance
気温きおんtemperature
機械きかいmachine,mechanism
議会ぎかいDiet,congress,parliament
期間きかんperiod,term
機関きかんorgan,mechanism,facility,engine
企業きぎょうenterprise,undertaking
効くきくto be effective
機嫌きげんhumour,temper,mood
気候きこうclimate
きしbank,coast,shore
生地きじbirthplace
記事きじarticle,news story,report,account
技師ぎしengineer,technician
記者きしゃreporter
きずwound,injury,hurt,cut
期待きたいexpectation,anticipation,hope
帰宅きたくreturning home
貴重きちょうprecious,valuable
議長ぎちょうchairman
きちんとprecisely,accurately
きついtight,close,intense
気付くきづくto notice,to recognize,to become aware of
気に入るきにいるto be pleased with,to suit
記入きにゅうentry,filling in of forms
記念きねんcommemoration,memory
機能きのうfunction,faculty
気の毒きのどくpitiful,a pity
寄付きふcontribution,donation
希望きぼうhope,wish,aspiration
基本きほんfoundation,basis,standard
決まりきまりsettlement,conclusion,regulation,rule
気味きみ-like,-looking,-looked
奇妙きみょうstrange,queer,curious
義務ぎむduty,obligation,responsibility
疑問ぎもんquestion,problem,doubt,guess
ぎゃくreverse,opposite
きゅうex-
きゅうclass, grade, rank,school class, grade
きゅうglobe,sphere,ball
きゅう / くnine
休暇きゅうかholiday,day off,furlough
休憩きゅうけいrest,break,recess,intermission
急激きゅうげきsudden,precipitous,radical
吸収きゅうしゅうabsorption,suction,attraction
救助きゅうじょrelief,aid,rescue
急速きゅうそくrapid (e.g. progress)
急にきゅうにsuddenly
給料きゅうりょうsalary,wages
器用きようskillful,handy
教科書きょうかしょtext book
競技きょうぎgame,match,contest
行儀ぎょうぎmanners
供給きょうきゅうsupply,provision
教師きょうしteacher (classroom)
教授きょうじゅteaching,instruction,professor
強調きょうちょうemphasis,stress,stressed point
共通きょうつうcommonness,community
共同きょうどうcooperation,association,collaboration,joint
恐怖きょうふbe afraid,dread,dismay,terror
協力きょうりょくcooperation,collaboration
強力きょうりょくherculean strength,mountain carrier-guide
きょかpermission,approval
きょくa bureau, department
きょくa pole
巨大きょだいhuge,gigantic,enormous
嫌うきらうto hate,to dislike,to loathe
きりfog,mist
切れきれcloth,piece,cut,chop
切れるきれる(1) to cut well,to be sharp,(2) to break (off)
キロ(abbr) kilo-,kilogram,kilometre,10^3
記録きろくrecord,minutes,document
議論ぎろんargument,discussion,dispute
きん(1) gold,(2) gold general (shogi) (abbr)
ぎん(1) silver,silver coin,silver paint
禁煙きんえんNo Smoking!
金額きんがくamount of money
金庫きんこsafe,vault,treasury,provider of funds
禁止きんしprohibition,ban
金銭きんせんmoney,cash
金属きんぞくmetal
近代きんだいmodern ages
緊張きんちょうtension,mental strain,nervousness
筋肉きんにくmuscle,sinew
金融きんゆうfinance, monetary circulation,
金曜きんよう(abbr) Friday
nine
sentence
食うくう(male) (vulg) to eat
偶然ぐうぜん(by) chance,unexpectedly,suddenly
臭いくさいstink, smelly (bad)
くさりchain
腐るくさるto rot,to go bad
くせa habit (often a bad habit),peculiarity
くだpipe,tube
具体ぐたいconcrete,tangible,material
下さるくださる(hon) to give,to confer
下りくだりdown-train (going away from Tokyo)
苦痛くつうpain,agony
ぐっすりsound asleep,fast asleep
区別くべつdistinction,differentiation,classification
くみclass,group,team,set
組合くみあいassociation,union
組むくむto put together
くもりcloudiness,cloudy weather,shadow
くらいgrade,rank,about
暮らしくらしliving,livelihood,subsistence,circumstances
暮らすくらすto live,to get along
繰り返すくりかえすto repeat,to do something over again
狂うくるうto go mad,to get out of order
苦しいくるしいpainful,difficult
苦しむくるしむto suffer,to groan,to be worried
暮れくれyear end,sunset,nightfall,end
苦労くろうtroubles,hardships
加えるくわえるto append,to sum up,to add (up)
詳しいくわしいknowing very well,detailed,full,accurate
加わるくわわるto join in,to accede to,to increase,to gain in (influence)
くんnative Japanese reading of a Chinese character
ぐんarmy,force,troops
軍隊ぐんたいarmy,troops
訓練くんれんpractice,training
under,below,beneath
敬意けいいrespect,honour
経営けいえいmanagement,administration
計画けいかく・するplan,project,schedule,scheme,program,to plan
景気けいきbusiness climate, condition,state
経験けいけん・するexperience, to experience
傾向けいこうtendency,trend,inclination
警告けいこくwarning,advice
計算けいさんcalculation,reckoning
掲示けいじnotice,bulletin
刑事けいじa police detective
芸術げいじゅつ(fine) art,the arts
契約けいやくcontract,compact,agreement
経由けいゆgo by the way,via
怪我けが・するinjury (to animate object),hurt, to injure
げきdrama,play
劇場げきじょうtheatre,playhouse
化粧けしょうmake-up (cosmetic)
けちstinginess,miser,miserliness
結果けっかresult,consequence
欠陥けっかんdefect,fault,deficiency
結局けっきょくafter all,eventually
決心けっしんdetermination,resolution
欠席けっせきabsence,non-attendance
決定けっていdecision,determination
欠点けってんfaults,defect,weakness
月曜げつよう・げつようびMonday
結論けつろんconclusion
けむりsmoke,fumes
けんticket,coupon,bond,certificate
けんprefecture
けんa couter for house
喧嘩けんかquarrel,(drunken) brawl,failure
見解けんかいopinion,point of view
限界げんかいlimit,bound
現金げんきんcash,ready money,mercenary,
言語げんごlanguage
健康けんこうhealth,sound,wholesome
検査けんさinspection (e.g. customs, factory),examination
現在げんざいpresent,up to now,nowadays,modern times,current
現実げんじつreality
現象げんしょうphenomenon
現状げんじょうpresent condition,existing state,status quo
建設けんせつconstruction,establishment
現代げんだいnowadays,modern times,present-day
建築けんちくconstruction,architecture
見当けんとうbe found,aim,estimate,guess,approx
検討けんとうconsideration,examination,investigation,study,scrutiny
現場げんばactual spot,scene,scene of the crime
憲法けんぽうconstitution
権利けんりright,privilege
afterwards,since then,in the future
suffix for language,word
こいlove,tender passion
濃いこいthick (as of color, liquid),dense,strong
恋人こいびとlover,sweetheart
幸運こううんgood luck,fortune
講演こうえんlecture,address
効果こうかeffect,effectiveness,efficacy,result
硬貨こうかcoin
高価こうかhigh price
豪華ごうかwonderful,gorgeous,splendor,pomp,extravagance
合格ごうかくsuccess,passing (e.g. exam),eligibility
交換こうかんexchange,interchange,reciprocity
航空こうくうaviation,flying
光景こうけいscene,spectacle
合計ごうけいsum total,total amount
攻撃こうげきattack,strike,offensive,criticism,censure
貢献こうけんcontribution,services
広告こうこくadvertisement
交際こうさいcompany,friendship,association,society,acquaintance
後者こうしゃthe latter
構成こうせいorganization,composition
高速こうそくhigh speed,high gear
行動こうどうaction,conduct,behaviour,mobilization
強盗ごうとうrobbery,burglary
幸福こうふくhappiness,blessedness
公平こうへいfairness,impartial,justice
候補こうほcandidacy
考慮こうりょconsideration,taking into account
越えるこえるto exceed,to cross over,to cross
こおりice,hail
凍るこおるto freeze,to be frozen over,to congeal
誤解ごかいmisunderstanding
語学ごがくlanguage study
呼吸こきゅうbreath,respiration
故郷こきょうhome town,birthplace,old village,historic village
国語こくごnational language
黒板こくばんblackboard
克服こくふくsubjugation,conquest
国民こくみんnational,people,citizen
穀物こくもつgrain,cereal,corn
ここここhere
こしhip
故障こしょうbreak-down,failure,accident,out of order
個人こじんindividual,private person,personal,private
越すこすto go over (e.g. with audience)
国家こっかstate,country,nation
国会こっかいNational Diet,parliament,congress
国境こっきょうnational or state border
骨折こっせつbone fracture
小包こづつみparcel,package
ことthing,matter,fact,circumstances
異なることなるto differ,to vary,to disagree
ことわざproverb,maxim
断ることわるto refuse,to decline,to dismiss
こなflour,meal,powder
このこのthis
好みこのみliking,taste,choice
好むこのむto like,to prefer
ごみdust,dirt rubbish
小麦こむぎwheat
ごめんなさいI beg your pardon,excuse me
小屋こやhut,cabin,shed,(animal) pen
これらthese
ころtime,about,toward,approximately (time)
殺すころすto kill
転ぶころぶto fall down,to fall over
今回こんかいnow,this time,lately
今後こんごfrom now on,hereafter
混雑こんざつcongestion,
こんなにso,like this,in this way
困難こんなんdifficulty,distress
今日こんにちtoday,this day
こんにちはhello,good day (daytime greeting, id)
婚約こんやくengagement,betrothal
混乱こんらんdisorder,chaos,confusion,mayhem
difference,variation
さいon the occasion of,circumstances
最高さいこうhighest,supreme,the most
財産ざいさんproperty,fortune,assets
最終さいしゅうlast,final,closing
最中さいちゅうin the middle of
最低さいていleast,lowest,worst
才能さいのうtalent,ability
裁判さいばんtrial,judgement
材料ざいりょうingredients,material
幸いさいわいhappiness,blessedness
さかいborder,boundary,mental state
逆らうさからうto go against,to oppose,to disobey,to defy
盛りさかりthe highest, the peak, prime
作業さぎょうwork,operation,manufacturing,fatigue duty
作品さくひんwork,opus,performance,production
作物さくもつproduce (e.g. agricultural),crops
さくらcherry blossom,cherry tree
さけalcohol,sake
叫ぶさけぶto shout,to cry
避けるさける(1) to avoid (physical contact ),(2) to ward off,to avert
支えるささえるto support, to hold, maintain
指すさすto point,to put up umbrella,to play
座席ざせきseat
誘うさそう(1) to invite,to ask,(2) to tempt,to lure,to induce
さつ(1) token,label,(2) ticket,(3) charm
作家さっかauthor,writer,novelist,artist
作曲さっきょくcomposition,setting (of music)
ざっとroughly,in round numbers
さっぱりfeeling refreshed,feeling relieved,neat,trimmed
さてwell,now,then
砂漠さばくdesert
差別さべつdiscrimination,distinction,differentiation
作法さほうmanners,etiquette,propriety
様々さまざまvaried,various
覚ますさますto awaken
覚めるさめるto wake,to wake up
左右さゆう(1) left and right,(2) influence,control,domination
さらplate,dish
更にさらにfurthermore,again,after all,more and more,moreover
去るさるto leave,to go away
さるmonkey
騒ぎさわぎuproar,disturbance
参加さんかparticipation
参考さんこうreference,consultation
賛成さんせいapproval,agreement,support,favour
酸素さんそoxygen
散歩さんぽwalk,stroll
family name,lineage,birth
poem,verse of poetry
し/よんfour
幸せしあわせhappiness,good fortune,luck,blessing
ジェット機ジェットきjet aeroplane
直にじかにimmediately,readily,directly
しかもmoreover,furthermore,nevertheless,and yet
叱るしかるto scold
しきequation,formula,ceremony
じきearnestly,immediately,exactly
時期じきtime,season,period
支給しきゅうpayment,allowance
しきりにfrequently,repeatedly,incessantly,eagerly
刺激しげきstimulus,impetus,incentive
資源しげんresources
事件じけんevent,affair,incident
時刻じこくinstant,time,moment
自殺じさつsuicide
事実じじつfact,truth,reality
支出ししゅつexpenditure,expenses
事情じじょうcircumstances,consideration,conditions,situation,reasons
詩人しじんpoet
自身じしんby oneself,personally
沈むしずむto sink,to feel depressed
自然しぜんnature,spontaneous
思想しそうthought,idea
したtongue
次第しだい(1) order,precedence,(2) circumstances,(3) immediate(ly)
事態じたいsituation,present state of affairs
従うしたがうto abide (by the rules),to obey,to follow,to accompany
したがってしたがってtherefore,consequently,in accordance with
支度したく・するpreparation, to prepare
親しいしたしいintimate,close (e.g. friend)
しち・ななseven
しつquality,nature (of person)
失業しつぎょうunemployment
実験じっけんexperiment
実現じつげんimplementation,materialization,realization
実行じっこうpractice,performance,execution (e.g. program),realization
実際じっさいpractical,actual condition,status quo
実施じっしenforcement,enact,put into practice,carry out,operation
じっとfixedly,firmly,patiently,quietly
実にじつにindeed,truly,surely
実はじつはas a matter of fact,by the way
失望しつぼうdisappointment,despair
支店してんbranch store (office)
指導しどうleadership,guidance,coaching
自動じどうautomatic,self-motion
しなthing,article,goods,dignity,article (goods),counter for meal courses
支配しはいrule,control,direction
芝居しばいplay,drama
しばしばoften,again and again,frequently
芝生しばふlawn
支払しはらいpayment
支払うしはらうto pay
死亡しぼうdeath,mortality
資本しほんfunds,capital
姉妹しまいsisters
しまうto finish, to close, put an end
しまったDamn it!
自慢じまんpride,boast
事務じむbusiness,office work
示すしめすto denote,to show,to point out,to indicate
占めるしめる(1) to comprise,to account for,to make up (of),(2) to hold,to occupy
しもunder,below,beneath
しもfrost
借金しゃっきんdebt,loan,liabilities
しゃべるto talk,to chat,to chatter
邪魔じゃまhindrance,intrusion
しゅうweek
しゅうa state, province, county
じゅう10,ten
じゅうgun
周囲しゅういsurroundings,circumference,environs
収穫しゅうかくharvest,crop,ingathering
週間しゅうかんweek,weekly
宗教しゅうきょうreligion
重視じゅうしimportance,stress,serious consideration
就職しゅうしょくfinding employment,inauguration
修正しゅうせいamendment,correction,revision,modification
渋滞じゅうたいcongestion (e.g. traffic),delay,stagnation
重大じゅうだいserious,important,grave,weighty
住宅じゅうたくresident,housing
集団しゅうだんgroup,mass
集中しゅうちゅうconcentration,focusing the mind
収入しゅうにゅうincome,receipts,revenue
住民じゅうみんcitizens,inhabitants,residents,population
重要じゅうようimportant, momentous, essential, principal, major
修理しゅうりrepairing,mending
主義しゅぎdoctrine,rule,principle
宿泊しゅくはくlodging
手術しゅじゅつsurgical operation
首相しゅしょうPrime Minister
手段しゅだんmeans,way,measure
主張しゅちょうclaim,request,insistence,assertion
出身しゅっしんgraduate from,come from
出席しゅっせき・するattendance,presence, to attend
出発しゅっぱつ・するdeparture, to depart
出版しゅっぱんpublication
首都しゅとcapital city
主婦しゅふhousewife,
主要しゅようchief,main,principal,major
需要じゅようdemand,request
種類しゅるいvariety,kind,type
じゅんorder,turn
瞬間しゅんかんmoment,second,instant
順調じゅんちょうfavourable,doing well,O.K.,all right
順番じゅんばんturn (in line),order of things
準備じゅんび・するpreparation,arrangements,provision,reserve, to prepare
しょうsmall
しょう(1) chapter,section,(2) medal
しょうprize,award
使用しようuse,application,employment,utilization
じょう(1) first volume,(2) superior quality,
障害しょうがいobstacle,impediment (fault),damage
奨学金しょうがくきんscholarship
乗客じょうきゃくpassenger
上京じょうきょうproceeding to the capital (Tokyo)
状況じょうきょうstate of affairs,situation,circumstances
条件じょうけんconditions,terms
正午しょうごnoon,mid-day
正直しょうじきhonesty,integrity,frankness
常識じょうしきcommon sense
少女しょうじょdaughter,young lady,virgin,maiden,little girl
少々しょうしょうjust a minute,small quantity
症状しょうじょうsymptoms,condition
生じるしょうじるto produce,to yield,to result from,to arise,to be generated
状態じょうたいcondition,situation,circumstances,state
招待しょうたい・するinvitation, to invite
上達じょうたつimprovement,advance,progress
冗談じょうだんjest,joke
承知しょうち・するconsent,acceptance,assent,admitting, to consent
上等じょうとうsuperiority,first class,very good
衝突しょうとつcollision,conflict
商人しょうにんtrader,shopkeeper,merchant
承認しょうにんrecognition,acknowledgement,approval,consent,agreement
少年しょうねんboys,juveniles
商売しょうばいtrade,business,commerce,transaction,occupation
消費しょうひconsumption,expenditure
商品しょうひんcommodity,article of commerce,goods,stock,merchandise
消防しょうぼうfire fighting,fire department
情報じょうほうinformation,(military) intelligence
証明しょうめいproof,verification
女王じょおうqueen
しょくemployment
職業しょくぎょうoccupation,business
食事しょくじ・するmeal, to have a meal
食卓しょくたくdining table
食品しょくひんcommodity,foodstuff
植物しょくぶつplant,vegetation
食物しょくもつfood,foodstuff
食欲しょくよくappetite (for food)
食料しょくりょうfood
食糧しょくりょうprovisions,rations
書斎しょさいstudy
女子じょしwoman,girl
助手じょしゅhelper,helpmeet,assistant,tutor
徐々にじょじょにslowly,little by little,gradually,steadily,quietly
署名しょめいsignature
書物しょもつbooks
女優じょゆうactress
処理しょりprocessing,dealing with,treatment,disposition,disposal
書類しょるいdocuments,official papers
知らせしらせnotice
しりbuttocks,bottom
しるし(1) mark,(2) symbol,(3) evidence
しろcastle
進学しんがくgoing on to a higher level school,
神経しんけいnerve,sensitivity
真剣しんけんseriousness,earnestness
信仰しんこう(religious) faith,belief,creed
信号しんごうtraffic lights,signal,semaphore
人工じんこうartificial,manmade,human work,human skill,artificiality
深刻しんこくserious
診察しんさつmedical examination
人種じんしゅrace (of people)
信じるしんじるto believe,to place trust in
人生じんせい(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
親戚しんせきrelative
新鮮しんせんfresh
心臓しんぞうheart (organ)
身体しんたいthe body
身長しんちょうheight (of body),stature
慎重しんちょうdiscretion,prudence
心配しんぱい・するworry,concern,anxiety,care, to worry
審判しんぱんrefereeing,trial,judgement,umpire,referee
人物じんぶつcharacter,personality,person,man,personage,talented man
進歩しんぽprogress,development
親友しんゆうclose friend,buddy
信用しんようconfidence,dependence,credit,faith
信頼しんらいreliance,trust,confidence
心理しんりpshcyology, mental state
人類じんるいmankind,humanity
sandbank
nest,rookery,breeding place,beehive,cobweb
figure (e.g. Fig 1),drawing,picture,illustration
水準すいじゅん(1) level, standard, (2) water level
推薦すいせんrecommendation
随分ずいぶんextremely
睡眠すいみんsleep
すうnumber,figure
数字すうじnumeral,figure
すえthe end of,powder
姿すがたfigure,shape,appearance
空くすく(1) to open,to become empty,(2) to be less crowded
救うすくうto rescue from,to help out of
優れるすぐれるto surpass,to outstrip,to excel
すごいterrible,dreadful,terrific,amazing,great
少しもすこしもanything of,not one bit
過ごすすごすto pass,to spend,to go through,to tide over
すじmuscle,string,line
進めるすすめるto advance,to promote,to hasten
勧めるすすめるto recommend,to advise,to encourage,to offer (wine)
頭痛ずつうheadache
ずっとconsecutively,throughout,a lot
すてきlovely,dreamy,beautiful,great
既にすでにalready,too late
すなわちthat is,namely,i.e.
素晴らしいすばらしいwonderful,splendid,magnificent
全てすべてall,the whole,entirely,in general,wholly
全てすべてall,whole,entire,complete,overall,pan
済ませるすませるto be finished
すみませんsorry,excuse me
為るするto do
するとするとthereupon,hereupon
鋭いするどいpointed,sharp
せいheight,stature
せい(logical) true,regular
せいsex,gender
所為せいcause,reason,fault
ぜいa tax
性格せいかくcharacter,personality
正確せいかくaccurate,punctuality,exactness,authenticity,veracity
世紀せいきcentury,era
請求せいきゅうclaim,demand,application,request
税金ぜいきんtax,duty
清潔せいけつclean
制限せいげんrestriction,restraint,limitation
成功せいこうsuccess,hit
生産せいさんproduction,manufacture
正式せいしきdue form,official,formality
精神せいしんmind,soul,heart,spirit,intention
成人せいじんadult
精々せいぜいat the most,at best,to the utmost,as much (far) as possible
成績せいせきresults,record
製造せいぞうmanufacture,production
贅沢ぜいたくluxury,extravagance
成長せいちょうgrowth,grow to adulthood
制度せいどsystem,institution,organization
青年せいねんyouth,young man
製品せいひんmanufactured goods,finished goods
政府せいふgovernment,administration
生物せいぶつraw food
生命せいめいlife,existence
整理せいりsorting,arrangement,adjustment,regulation
せきcough
石炭せきたんcoal
責任せきにんduty,responsibility
石油せきゆoil,petroleum,kerosene
世間せけんworld,society
せつtheory
積極的せっきょくてきpositive,active,proactive
設計せっけいplan,design
絶対ぜったいabsolute,unconditional,absoluteness
設備せつびequipment,device,facilities,installation
絶滅ぜつめつdestruction,extinction
節約せつやくeconomising,saving
是非ぜひcertainly,without fail
責めるせめるto condemn,to blame,to criticize
世話せわ・するlooking after,help,aid,assistance, to look after
ぜんgood,goodness,right,virtue
全員ぜんいんall members (unanimity),all hands,the whole crew
専攻せんこうmajor subject,special study
全国ぜんこくcountry-wide,nation-wide,whole country,national
先日せんじつthe other day,a few days ago
前者ぜんしゃthe former
選手せんしゅ(1) player (in game),(2) team
前進ぜんしんadvance,drive,progress
全然ぜんぜん(1) wholly,entirely,completely,(2) not at all (with neg. verb)
全体ぜんたいwhole,entirety,whatever (is the matter)
選択せんたくselection,choice
そうそうso
ぞうelephant
騒音そうおんnoise
増加ぞうかincrease,addition
操作そうさoperation,management,processing
掃除そうじ/そうじするcleaning,sweeping, to clean, to sweep
想像そうぞうimagination,guess
相続そうぞくsuccession,inheritance
相談そうだん/そうだんするconsultation,discussion,to consult, to discuss
装置そうちequipment,installation,apparatus
相当そうとうsuitable,fair,tolerable,proper
速度そくどspeed,velocity,rate
そこbottom,sole
そこでso (conj),accordingly,now,then,thereupon
組織そしき(1) organization,(2) structure,construction,(3) tissue,(4) system
そしてand
注ぐそそぐto pour (into),to irrigate,to pay,to fill,to feed (e.g. a fire)
育つそだつto raise (child),to be brought up,to grow (up)
そっくりall,altogether,entirely,be just like,the splitting image of
そっとface of the earth
そでsleeve
備えるそなえるto furnish,to provide for,to equip,to install
そのそのthe,that
そのうちeventually,sooner or later,of the previously mentioned
そのままwithout change,as it is (i.e. now)
そばside,edge,third person
粗末そまつcrude,rough,plain,humble
それit,that
それぞれeach,every,either,respectively,severally
それでもbut (still),and yet,nevertheless,even so,notwithstanding
それともor,or else
そんloss,disadvantage
損害そんがいdamage,injury,loss
尊敬そんけいrespect,esteem,reverence,honour
存在そんざいexistence,being
尊重そんちょうrespect,esteem,regard
rice field
other (esp. places and things)
だいstand,rack,table,support, counter for machine
だいtitle,subject,theme,topic
体育たいいくphysical education,gymnastics,athletics
体温たいおんtemperature (body)
大会たいかいconvention,tournament,mass meeting,rally
大気たいきthe air, atmosphere
代金だいきんprice,payment,cost,charge
退屈たいくつtedium,boredom
滞在たいざいstay,sojourn
大使たいしambassador
大したたいしたconsiderable,great,important,significant,a big deal
対象たいしょうtarget,object (of worship, study, etc),subject (of taxation, etc)
大臣だいじんcabinet minister
対するたいするto face,to confront,to oppose
大戦たいせんgreat war,great battle
大抵たいていusually,generally
態度たいどattitude,manner
大統領だいとうりょうpresident,chief executive
大半たいはんmajority,mostly,generally
代表だいひょうrepresentative,representation,delegation,type,example,model
大部分だいぶぶんmost part,greater part,majority
大変たいへんawful,dreadful,terrible,very
逮捕たいほarrest,apprehension,capture
太陽たいようsun,solar
平らたいらflatness,level,smooth,calm,plain
代理だいりrepresentation,agency,proxy,deputy,agent
大陸たいりくcontinent
倒すたおすto throw down,to beat,to bring down,to blow down
だがだがhowever
互いたがいmutual,reciprocal
たからtreasure
だからだからso,therefore
たくhouse,home,husband
だけどhowever
確かめるたしかめるto ascertain, confirm
多少たしょうmore or less,somewhat,a little,some
助けるたすけるto help,to save,to rescue
ただfree of charge,
ただmere,sole,only
戦いたたかいbattle,fight,struggle,conflict
戦うたたかうto fight,to battle,to combat
叩くたたくto strike,to clap,to dust,to beat
直ちにただちにat once,immediately,directly,in person
立ち上がるたちあがるto stand up
立場たちばstandpoint,position,situation
経つたつto pass,to lapse
達するたっするto reach,to get to
たったonly (use with a word which indicates numbers)
だってbut,because,even,also,too
たっぷりfull,in plenty,ample
たてlength,height
たとえsimile,metaphor,allegory
たにvalley
他人たにんanother person,unrelated person,outsider,stranger
たね(1) seed,(2) material,(3) cause,source
たばhandbreadth,bundle
たびcounter for occurrences
たびtravel,trip,journey
たびたびoften,repeatedly,frequently
多分たぶんperhaps,probably
たまball,sphere,coin
たまglobe,sphere,ball
たまbullet,shot,shell
偶々たまたまcasually,unexpectedly,accidentally,by chance
たまらないintolerable, unbearable, unendurable
黙るだまるto be silent
駄目だめuseless,no good,hopeless
試しためしtrial,test
試すためすto attempt,to test
便りたよりnews, tidings, information, correspondence, letter
頼るたよるto rely on,to have recourse to,to depend on
誰かだれかsomeone,somebody
だんstep,stair,flight of steps,grade,rank,level
単位たんいunit,denomination,credit (in school)
単語たんごword,vocabulary,(usually) single-character word
男子だんしa boy, a man, a male
単純たんじゅんsimplicity
誕生たんじょうbirth
団体だんたいorganization,association, a group
担当たんとう(in) charge
単なるたんなるmere,simple,sheer
単にたんにsimply,merely,only,solely
earth
地位ちい(social) position,status
地域ちいきarea,region
知恵ちえwisdom, intelligence, advice
地下ちかbasement,underground
違いちがいdifference,discrepancy
違いないちがいない(phrase) sure,no mistaking it,for certain
近頃ちかごろlately,recently,nowadays
地球ちきゅうthe earth
地区ちくdistrict,section,sector
遅刻ちこくlateness,late coming
知事ちじprefectural governor
知識ちしきknowledge,information
父親ちちおやfather
知能ちのうintelligence,brains
地平線ちへいせんhorizon
地方ちほうarea,locality,district,region,the coast
ちゃtea
ちゃんとperfectly,properly,exactly
ちゅうinside,middle,among
ちゅうannotation,explanatory note
中央ちゅうおうcentre,central,center,middle
中学ちゅうがくmiddle school,junior high school
中古ちゅうこ(1) used,second-hand,old
中止ちゅうしsuspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
駐車ちゅうしゃparking (e.g. car)
昼食ちゅうしょくlunch,midday meal
中心ちゅうしんcenter,core,heart,pivot,emphasis,balance
注目ちゅうもくnotice,attention,observation
注文ちゅうもんorder,request
長期ちょうきlong time period
調査ちょうさinvestigation,examination,inquiry,survey
調子ちょうしcondition, form, shape, tune,tone,key
頂上ちょうじょうtop,summit,peak
ちょうだい(1) please do for me (preceded by -te),(2) reception,being given,get (spoken)
貯金ちょきん(bank) savings
直接ちょくせつdirect,immediate,personal,firsthand
著者ちょしゃauthor,writer
ついpair,couple,set
遂についにfinally,at last
通過つうかpassage through,passing
通学つうがくcommuting to school
通行つうこうpassage,passing
通じるつうじるto run to,to lead to,to communicate,to understand
通信つうしんcorrespondence,communication,news,signal
捕まるつかまるto be caught,to be arrested
掴むつかむto seize,to catch,to grasp
疲れつかれtiredness,fatigue
つきmoon,month
付き合いつきあいassociation,socializing,fellowship
次々つぎつぎin succession,one by one
就くつくto take (seat, position),to get (a job)
注ぐつぐto pour (into),to irrigate,to pay
付けるつけるto attach,to join,to add,to append
つちearth,soil
続きつづきsequel,continuation
包みつつみbundle,package,parcel,bale
勤めつとめ(1) service, business, job(2) Buddhist religious services
務めつとめ(1) service,duty,
繋ぐつなぐto tie,to fasten,to connect,to transfer (phone call)
常につねにalways,constantly
つのhorn
つばさwings
つまりin short,in brief,in other words
つみcrime,fault,indiscretion
詰めるつめるto pack,to shorten,to work out (details)
積もるつもるto pile up
梅雨つゆrainy season,rain during the rainy season
辛いつらいpainful,heart-breaking
つりfishing
連れつれcompanion,company
出会いであいmeeting,rendezvous,encounter
出会うであうto meet by chance,to come across,to happen to encounter
提案ていあんproposal,proposition,suggestion
定期ていきfixed term
抵抗ていこうresistance,opposition, electrical resistance,
提出ていしゅつpresentation,submission,filing
程度ていどdegree,amount,grade,standard,of the order of (following a number)
停留所ていりゅうじょbus or tram stop
てきenemy,rival
出来事できごとincident,affair,happening,event
適するてきするto fit,to suit
適切てきせつpertinent,appropriate,adequate,relevance
適度てきどmoderate
適用てきようapplying
できるto be able to,to be ready,to occur
出来るだけできるだけas (much) (soon) as possible
できればif at all possible
手品てじなsleight of hand,conjuring trick,magic,juggling
ですからtherefore
てつiron
哲学てつがくphilosophy
手伝いてつだいhelp,helper,assistant
徹底てっていthoroughness,completeness
鉄道てつどうrailroad
徹夜てつやall night,all night vigil,sleepless night
ではではthen, in that case,if so
手間てまtime,labour
でもでもbut,however
典型てんけいtype,pattern,archetypal
天候てんこうweather
電子でんしelectron
伝統でんとうtradition,convention
天然てんねんnature,spontaneity
counter for occurrences
問いといquestion,query
とうparty (political)
とうtower,pagoda
答案とうあんexamination paper,examination script
同一どういつidentity,sameness,similarity
銅貨どうかcopper coin
当時とうじat that time,in those days
動詞どうしverb
同時どうじsimultaneous(ly),concurrent,same time,synchronous
どうしてもby all means,at any cost,no matter what
到着とうちゃくarrival
道徳どうとくmorals
投票とうひょうvoting,poll
同様どうようidentical,equal to,same (kind),like
同僚どうりょうcoworker,colleague,associate
道路どうろroad,highway
とお10,ten
通すとおすto let pass,to overlook,to continue
通りとおりin accordance with ~,following ~,~ Street,~ Avenue
通り過ぎるとおりすぎるto pass,to pass through
都会とかいcity
とき(1) time,hour,(2) occasion,moment
解くとくto unfasten, to solve
どくpoison,toxicant
得意とくいpride,triumph,prosperity
読書どくしょreading
独身どくしんbachelorhood,single,unmarried,celibate
特徴とくちょうdistinctive feature,characteristic
独特どくとくpeculiarity,uniqueness,characteristic
独立どくりつindependence (e.g. Ind. Day),self-support
解けるとけるto come untied,to come apart
どこかsomewhere,anywhere
ところがhowever,while,even if
ところでby the way,even if,no matter what
登山とざんmountain-climbing
都市としtown,city,municipal,urban
年月としつき(ねんげつ)months and years
図書としょbooks
年寄としよりold people,the aged
閉じるとじるto close (e.g. book, eyes),to shut
途端とたんjust (now, at the moment, etc.)
土地とちplot of land,lot,soil
突然とつぜんabruptly,suddenly,unexpectedly,all at once
届くとどくto reach
とにかくanyhow,at any rate,anyway,somehow or other,generally speaking,in any case
飛ばすとばすto skip over,to omit
飛び出すとびだすto jump out,to rush out,to fly out
留めるとめるto fasten,to turn off,to detain
ともfriend,companion,pal
共にともにsharing with,participate in
土曜/土曜日どよう/どようびSaturday
とらtiger
取り上げるとりあげるto take up,to pick up,to disqualify,to confiscate,to deprive
努力どりょくgreat effort,exertion,endeavour,effort
どれどれwhich (of three or more)
取れるとれるto come off,to be taken off,to be removed
どろmud
とんでもないunexpected,offensive,What a thing to say!,No way!
どんなwhat,what kind of
どんなにhow,how much
name,reputation
内容ないようsubject, contents, substance,
なおstraight,mischief,ordinary,common
なかrelation,relationship
流すながすto drain,to float,to shed (blood, tears),to cruise (e.g. taxi)
なかなかvery,considerably,easily
半ばなかばmiddle,half,semi,halfway,partly
仲間なかまcompany,fellow,colleague,associate
眺めながめscene,view,prospect,outlook
眺めるながめるto view,to gaze at
流れながれstream,current
流れるながれるto stream,to flow,to run (ink),to be washed away
無しなしwithout
なぜならbecause
なぞriddle,puzzle,enigma
納得なっとくconsent,assent,understanding
などet cetera,etc.,and the like
ななseven
なにwhat
何かなにかsomething
なにもnothing
なべsaucepan,pot
なま(1) draft (beer),(2) raw,unprocessed
なま(1) draft (beer),(2) raw,unprocessed
怠けるなまけるto be idle,to neglect
なみwave
なみだtear
悩むなやむto be worried,to be troubled
為るなるto change,to be of use,to reach to
成るなるto become
なわrope,hemp
何でなんでWhy?,What for?
何でもなんでもby all means,everything
何とかなんとかsomehow,anyhow,one way or another
似合うにあうto suit,to match,to become,to be like
匂いにおいodour,scent,smell,stench
苦手にがてpoor (at),weak (in),dislike (of)
握るにぎるto grasp,to hold a (thing) in one's hand, grip
にちsun,sunshine,day
日常にちじょうordinary,regular,everyday,usual
日曜にちようSunday
日光にっこうsunlight
にっこりsmile sweetly,smile,grin
日中にっちゅうdaytime,broad daylight
日本にっぽん・にほんJapan
入学にゅうがくentry to school or university,matriculation
入場にゅうじょうentrance,admission,entering
人気にんきpopularity
人間にんげんhuman being,man,person
抜くぬくto extract,to omit,to surpass,to draw out,to unplug
抜けるぬけるto come out,to fall out,to be omitted
ぬのcloth
濡れるぬれるto get wet
root
value,price,cost,worth,merit
願いねがいdesire,wish,request
願うねがうto desire,to wish,to request
ねずみ(1) mouse, rat,
値段ねだんprice,cost
熱心ねっしんzeal,enthusiasm
熱帯ねったいtropics
熱中するねっちゅうするto devote oneself, be devoted to, be crazy about
年間ねんかんyear
年月ねんげつmonths and years
年中ねんじゅうwhole year,always,everyday
年代ねんだいage,era,period,date
年齢ねんれいage,years
field
のうability, talent, a Noh play
農家のうかfarmer,farm family
農業のうぎょうagriculture
農民のうみんfarmers,peasants
能力のうりょくability,faculty
のきeaves
残すのこすto leave (behind, over),to bequeath,to save,to reserve
残りのこりremnant,residue,remaining,left-over
乗せるのせるto take on board,to give a ride
除くのぞくto remove,to exclude,to except
望みのぞみwish,desire,(a) hope
望むのぞむto desire,to wish for,to see,to command (a view of)
のちafterwards,since then,in the future
のどthroat
伸ばすのばすto lengthen,to stretch,to reach out,to grow (beard)
伸びるのびるto stretch,to extend,to make progress,to grow (beard, body height)
述べるのべるto state,to express,to mention
昇るのぼるto arise,to ascend,to go up
のんびりcarefree,at leisure
place,field (physics)
はあYes, Uh-huh, I see,
はいash
梅雨ばいうrainy season,rain during the rainy season
配達はいたつdelivery,distribution
俳優はいゆうactor,actress,player,performer
はかgrave,tomb
馬鹿ばかfool,idiot,trivial matter,folly
博士はかせdoctorate,PhD
計るはかるto measure,to weigh,to survey
履くはくto wear,to put on (lower body)
吐くはくto breathe out, to vomit
拍手はくしゅclapping hands,applause
莫大ばくだいenormous,vast
爆発ばくはつexplosion,detonation,eruption
博物館はくぶつかんmuseum
激しいはげしいviolent,vehement,intense
はさみscissors
破産はさん(personal) bankruptcy
はしend (e.g. of street),edge,tip,margin,point
始まりはじまりorigin,beginning
外すはずすto unfasten,to remove
はたflag
はだskin
はだかnaked,nude
はたけfield
二十(歳)はたち20 years old,
働きはたらきwork,labor
発見はっけんdiscovery,detection,finding
発行はっこうissue (publications)
発車はっしゃdeparture of a vehicle
罰するばっするto punish,to penalize
発達はったつdevelopment,growth
ばったりwith a clash (thud),with a bang,plump,flop
発展はってんdevelopment,growth
発表はっぴょうannouncement,publication
発明はつめいinvention
話し合うはなしあうto discuss,to talk together
離すはなすto part,divide,separate
放すはなすto separate,to set free
離れるはなれるto be separated from,to leave,to go away,to be a long way off
はねcounter for birds,counter for rabbits
はばwidth,breadth
母親ははおやmother
省くはぶくto omit,to eliminate,to curtail,to economize
場面ばめんscene,setting (e.g. of novel)
はらabdomen,belly,stomach
はらfield,plain,prairie,tundra,moor,wilderness
はりneedle,hand (e.g. clock)
張るはるto stick,to paste
ばんcounter for a number
範囲はんいextent,scope,sphere,range
反抗はんこうopposition,resistance
犯罪はんざいcrime
判断はんだんjudgement,decision
犯人はんにんoffender,criminal
販売はんばいsale,selling,marketing
light
被害ひがいdamage
比較ひかくcomparison
轢くひくto run somebody over (with vehicle),to knock someone down
悲劇ひげきtragedy
飛行ひこうaviation
ひざknee,lap
非常ひじょうemergency,extraordinary,unusual
美人びじんbeautiful person (woman)
ひたいforehead,brow
びっくりbe surprised,be amazed,be frightened,astonishment
日付ひづけdate,dating
必死ひっしinevitable death,desperation,frantic,inevitable result
ぴったりexactly,neatly,sharp
引っ張るひっぱる(1) to pull,to draw,to stretch,to drag,(2) to pull the ball (baseball)
否定ひていnegation,denial,repudiation
一言ひとことsingle word
人込みひとごみcrowd of people
等しいひとしいequal
独りひとりalone,
一人一人ひとりひとりone by one,each,one at a time
批判ひはんcriticism,judgement,comment
批評ひひょうcriticism,review,commentary
秘密ひみつsecret,secrecy
微妙びみょうdelicate,subtle
ひも(1) string,cord,(2) pimp
ひょうtable (e.g. Tab 1),chart,list
費用ひようcost,expense
びょうsecond (60th min)
評価ひょうかvaluation,estimation,assessment,evaluation
表現ひょうげんexpression,presentation,representation (math)
表情ひょうじょうfacial expression
平等びょうどうequality (a),impartiality,evenness
評判ひょうばんfame,reputation,popularity,arrant
表面ひょうめんsurface,outside,face,appearance
広がるひろがるto spread (out),to extend,to stretch,to reach to,to get around
ひんelegance, grace, dignity,
びんbottle
便びんway,means
un,non,negative prefix
nothing,naught,nil,zero
dividing,part
不安ふあんanxiety,uneasiness,insecurity,suspense
風景ふうけいscenery
夫婦ふうふmarried couple,husband and wife
ふえflute,pipe
不可ふかwrong,bad,improper,unjustifiable,inadvisable
武器ぶきweapon,arms,ordinance
服装ふくそうdress, clothes
含むふくむto hold in the mouth,to bear in mind
ふくろbag,sack
不幸ふこうunhappiness,sorrow,misfortune,disaster,accident,death
ふしtune,tone,knot,knob,point
無事ぶじsafety,peace,quietness
不思議ふしぎmystery,curiosity
不自由ふじゆうdiscomfort,disability,inconvenience,destitution
夫人ふじんwife,Mrs,madam
婦人ふじんwoman,female
不正ふせいinjustice,unfairness
防ぐふせぐto defend (against),to protect,to prevent
不足ふそくinsufficiency,shortage,deficiency,lack,dearth
舞台ぶたいstage (theatre)
双子ふたごtwins,a twin
再びふたたびagain,once more,a second time
普段ふだんusually,habitually,ordinarily,always
ふちan edge, a brim, a rim,
打つぶつto hit,to strike
物価ぶっかprices of commodities,prices (in general)
物質ぶっしつmaterial,substance
物理ぶつりphysics
ふでwriting brush
ふとsuddenly,casually,accidentally,incidentally,unexpectedly,unintentionally
ふねship,boat,watercraft,shipping,vessel,steamship
部分ぶぶんportion,section,part
不平ふへいcomplaint,discontent,dissatisfaction
不満ふまんdissatisfaction,displeasure,discontent,complaints,unhappiness
不利ふりdisadvantage,handicap,unfavorable,drawback
振るふる(1) to wave,to shake,to swing,(2) to sprinkle,(3) to cast (actor),to allocate (work)
震えるふるえるto shiver,to shake,to quake
触れるふれるto touch,to be touched,to touch on a subject,to feel,to violate (law, copyright, etc.),to perceive,t
風呂ふろbath
ぶんdividing,part,segment
ぶんsentence
雰囲気ふんいきatmosphere (e.g. musical),mood,ambience
分析ぶんせきanalysis
文明ぶんめいcivilization,culture
分野ぶんやfield,sphere,realm,division,branch
へいwall,fence
平均へいきんequilibrium,balance,average,mean
平和へいわpeace,harmony
別にべつに(not) particularly,nothing
減らすへらすto abate,to decrease,to diminish,to shorten
減るへるto decrease (in size or number),to diminish,to abate
変化へんかgoblin,ghost,apparition,bugbear
勉強/勉強するべんきょう・するstudy, work, to study, to sell (a thing) cheap
変更へんこうchange,modification,alteration
弁当べんとうbox lunch
ほうside
ほうAct (law: the X Act)
ぼうpole,rod,stick
冒険ぼうけんrisk,venture,adventure
方向ほうこうdirection,course,way
報告ほうこくreport,information
宝石ほうせきgem,jewel
放送/放送するほうそう・するbroadcast, broadcasting, to broadcast
豊富ほうふabundance,wealth,plenty,bounty
方法ほうほうmethod,manner,way,means,technique
方々ほうぼうpersons,this and that,here and there,everywhere
訪問ほうもんcall,visit
吠えるほえるto bark,to bay,to howl,to bellow,to roar,to cry
ほおcheek (of face)
他(外)ほかsome, other place, the rest
誇りほこりpride
ほこりdust
保証ほしょうguarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
保存ほぞんpreservation, conservation, storage, maintenance
ほどdegree,extent,bounds,limit
歩道ほどうfootpath,walkway,sidewalk
ほとけBuddha,merciful person,Buddhist image,the dead
ほねbone
ほのおflame
ほほcheek (of face)
ほぼalmost,roughly,approximately
微笑むほほえむto smile
褒めるほめるto praise,to admire,to speak well
ほりmoat
本当ほんとう・ほんとtruth,reality
本人ほんにんthe person himself
本物ほんものgenuine article
ぼんやりabsent-minded,block-head,dim,faint,vague
space,room,time,pause
まあ(female) you might say
マイクmike
迷子まいごlost (stray) child
任せるまかせるto entrust to another,to leave to
まくcurtain,bunting,act (in play)
負けまけdefeat,loss,losing (a game)
まごgrandchild
まさかnonsense, that's impossible,
まさにcorrectly, surely
真面目まじめdiligent,serious,honest
増すますto increase,to grow
先ずまずfirst (of all),to start with,about,almost,hardly (with neg. verb)
貧しいまずしいpoor, needy
ますますincreasingly,more and more
またagain,and
未だまだyet,still,more,besides
まち(1) town, city
間違いまちがいmistake
まつ(1) pine tree,(2) highest (of a three-tier ranking system)
真っ赤まっかdeep red,flushed (of face)
真っ直ぐまっすぐstraight (ahead),direct,upright
全くまったくreally,truly,entirely,completely
まつりfestival,feast
学ぶまなぶto study (in depth),to learn,to take lessons in
真似まねmimicry,imitation,behavior,pretense
招くまねくto invite
まめbeans,peas
守るまもるto protect,to obey,to guard,to abide (by the rules)
まるcircle,full (month),perfection,purity,suffix for ship names
丸いまるいround,circular,spherical
まるでquite,entirely,completely
回すまわすto turn,to revolve
回りまわりcircumference,surroundings,circulation
万一まんいちby any chance
満足まんぞくsatisfaction
body,main part,oneself,sword
fruit,nut,seed,content,good result
見送りみおくりseeing one off,farewell,escort
味方みかたfriend,ally,supporter
見事みごとsplendid,magnificent,beautiful,admirable
満ちるみちるto be full,to rise (tide),to mature,to expire
密なみつなdense, thick
認めるみとめるto recognize,to appreciate,to approve,to admit,to notice
見舞いみまいenquiry,expression of sympathy,expression of concern
土産みやげpresent,souvenir
みやこcapital
みょうstrange,unusual
明後日みょうごにちday after tomorrow
未来みらいfuture (life, tense)
魅力みりょくcharm,fascination,glamour
みんなall,everyone,everybody
nothing,naught,nil,zero
向かいむかいfacing,opposite,across the street,other side
迎えむかえmeeting,person sent to pick up an arrival
向くむくto face
向けるむけるto turn towards,to point
無視むしdisregard,ignore
虫歯むしばcavity,tooth decay,decayed tooth,caries
寧ろむしろrather,better,instead
結ぶむすぶto tie,to bind,to link
無駄むだfutility,uselessness
夢中むちゅうdaze,(in a) trance,ecstasy,delirium,engrossment
むねbreast,chest
無料むりょうfree,no charge
sprout
明確めいかくclear up,clarify,define
命じるめいじるto order,to command,to appoint
名人めいじんmaster,expert
命令めいれいorder,command,decree,directive,(software) instruction
迷惑めいわくtrouble,bother,annoyance
めし(sl) meals,food
滅多にめったにrarely (with neg. verb),seldom
めんa mask, the face, the surface, an aspect, a side,
綿めんcotton,padding
免許めんきょlicense,permit,licence,certificate
面倒めんどうtrouble,difficulty,care,attention
申し込むもうしこむto apply for,to make an application
申し訳もうしわけapology,excuse
毛布もうふblanket
燃えるもえるto burn
目的もくてきpurpose,goal,aim,objective,intention
目標もくひょうmark,objective,target
木曜/木曜日もくよう/もくようびThursday
文字もじletter (of alphabet),character
もしもif
持ち上げるもちあげるto raise,to lift up,to flatter
用いるもちいるto use,to make use of
勿論もちろんof course,certainly,naturally
最ももっともmost,extremely
尤ももっともquite right,plausible,natural,but then,although
もと(1) origin,original,(2) former
もとbasis
戻すもどすto restore,to put back,to return
基づくもとづくto be grounded on,to be based on,to be due to,to originate from
求めるもとめるto seek,to request,to demand,to want,to wish for,to search for,to pursue (pleasure),to hunt (a job),
ものperson
物音ものおとsounds
物語ものがたりtale,story,legend
物事ものごとthings,everything
模様もようpattern,figure,design
貰うもらうto receive
文句もんくphrase,complaint
文字もんじletter (of alphabet),character
やがてbefore long,soon,at length
やくuse,service,role,position
やくapproximately,about,some
やくtranslation, a version
役割やくわりpart,assigning (allotment of) parts,role,duties
家賃やちんrent
厄介やっかいtrouble,burden,care,bother
宿やどinn,lodging
雇うやとうto employ,to hire
屋根やねroof
やはりalso,as I thought,still,in spite of,absolutely,of course
破るやぶるto tear,to violate,to defeat,to smash,to destroy
辞めるやめるto retire
ややa little,partially,somewhat,a short time,a while
唯一ゆいいつonly,sole,unique
言うゆうto say
勇気ゆうきcourage,bravery,valour,nerve,boldness
有効ゆうこうvalidity,availability,effectiveness
優秀ゆうしゅうsuperiority,excellence
優勝ゆうしょうoverall victory,championship
友情ゆうじょうfriendship,fellowship
友人ゆうじんfriend
有能ゆうのうable,capable,efficient,skill
郵便ゆうびんmail,postal service
夕べゆうべevening
有利ゆうりadvantageous,better,profitable,lucrative
ゆかfloor
愉快ゆかいpleasant,happy
輸出ゆしゅつ・するexport, to export
譲るゆずるto turn over,to assign,to hand over
豊かゆたかabundant,wealthy,plentiful,rich
ゆっくり/とslowly,at ease
輸入ゆにゅう・するimportation,import,introduction, to import
許すゆるすto permit, to allow, to approve, to forgive
evening,night
夜明けよあけdawn,daybreak
よいgood,nice,pleasant,ok
ようway,manner,kind
酔うようto get drunk,to become intoxicated
容易よういeasy,simple,plain
陽気なようきcheerful, lively, merry
要求ようきゅうrequest,demand,requisition
用心ようじんcare,precaution,guarding,caution
様子ようすaspect,state,appearance
要するにようするにin a word,after all,the point is ..,in short ..
要素ようそelement
要点ようてんgist,main point
曜日ようびday of the week
予期よきexpectation,assume will happen,forecast
横切るよこぎるto cross (e.g. arms),to traverse
予算よさんestimate,budget
止すよすto cease,to abolish,to resign,to give up
予測よそくprediction,estimation
夜中よなかmidnight,dead of night
世の中よのなかsociety,the world,the times
余分よぶんextra,excess,surplus
予報よほうforecast,prediction
予防よぼうprevention,precaution,protection against
読みよみreading
よめbride,daughter-in-law
余裕よゆうsurplus,composure,margin,room,time,allowance,scope,rope
よるとaccording to
喜びよろこび(a) joy,(a) delight,rapture,pleasure,gratification,rejoicing,congratulations,felicitations
宜しいよろしい(hon) good,OK,all right,fine,very well,will do,may,can
よろしくwell,properly,suitably,best regards,please remember me
よんfour
らい,for (10 days),next (year)
らくcomfort,ease
利益りえきprofits,gains,(political, economic) interest
理解りかいunderstanding,comprehension
りく(the) land
利口りこうclever,shrewd,bright,sharp,wise,intelligent
離婚りこんdivorce
理想りそうideal
りつrate,ratio,proportion,percentage
立派りっぱsplendid,fine,handsome,elegant,imposing,prominent,legal,legitimate
留学りゅうがくstudying abroad
流行りゅうこうfashionable,fad,in vogue,prevailing
りょうquantity,amount,volume,portion (of food)
両替りょうがえchange,money exchange
料金りょうきんfee,charge,fare
れいinstance,example,case
れいexpression of gratitude
礼儀れいぎmanners,courtesy,etiquette
冷静れいせいcalm,composure,coolness,serenity
れつqueue,line,row
列車れっしゃtrain (ordinary)
練習れんしゅう・するpractice, to practice
連想れんそうassociation (of ideas),suggestion
連続れんぞくserial,consecutive,continuity,continuing
老人ろうじんthe aged,old person
労働ろうどうmanual labor,toil,work
論じるろんじるto argue,to discuss,to debate
論争ろんそうcontroversy,dispute
論文ろんぶんthesis,essay,treatise,paper
ring,hoop,circle
わがままselfishness, wilfulness, whim
別れわかれparting,separation,farewell
わきside
分けるわけるto divide,to separate
わざとon purpose
僅かわずかonly,merely,a little,small quantity
綿わたcotton,padding
話題わだいtopic,subject
笑いわらいlaugh,laughter,smile
割るわるto divide,to cut,to break,to halve
悪口わるくちabuse,insult,slander,evil speaking
我々われわれwe
わんbay,gulf,inlet
アイスクリームice cream
アイロン(electric) iron
アウトout
アルバムalbum
インクink
ウイスキーwhisky
エネルギー(n) energy (de: Energie)
エンジンengine
オーバー(1) overcoat,(2) over
オフィスoffice
カーcar
カードcard,curd
キャプテンcaptain
キャンプcamp
キロ(abbr) kilo-, kilogram, kilometre,
クラシックclassic(s)
グラス(1) glass,(2) grass
グランドgland,grand,(electrical) ground
クリームcream
クリスマスChristmas
グループgroup
ケースcase
ゲームgame
コーチcoach
コードcode,cord,chord
ゴールgoal
コピー(1) a (photo)copy,(2) blurb on a book jacket
コンピューターcomputer
サービス(1) service,support system,(2) goods or services without charge
サイン(1) autograph,(2) sign,(3) sine
ジーンズjeans
ジェット機ジェットきjet aeroplane
ジュースjuice,soft drink,deuce
スイッチswitch
スープ(Western) soup
スキーskiing
スケートskate(s),skating
スターstar
スタイルstyle
スタンドstand
スピーチspeech
セットset
センターa center
ソファーsofa,couch
タイプライターtypewriter
ダイヤ(1) diagram,(2) (railway) schedule,(3) diamond
タオルtowel
ダンスdance
チーズcheese
チームteam
チャンスchance,opportunity
デートdate,go on a date
デモ(abbr) demo,demonstration
テントtent
トップtop
ドライブdrive,trip by car,driving
トラック(1) truck,(2) (running) track
ドラマdrama
トランプplaying cards (lit: trump)
ドレスdress
トンton
トンネルtunnel
ノーno
ノック(1) knock,(2) fungo (baseball)
パーセントpercent
バイオリンviolin
ハイキングhiking
パイプ(1) pipe,tube,(2) channels, official or otherwise
パイロットpilot
パスpath,pass (in games)
パスポートpassport
バッグbag,
バンbun,van (caravan),VAN (value-added network)
ハンサムhandsome
ビールbeer
ピクニックpicnic
ビデオvideo
ピンpin
プラスplus
プランplan
ブレーキa brake
プロprofessional
ベルトBelt for western clothes
ペンキ(n) paint (nl: pek)
ベンチbench
ボーイboy
ボートrowing boat
ホーム(1) platform,(2) home
ボールball,bowl
マーケットmarket
マイクmike
マスターproprietor,manager,barowner,master (e.g. arts, science)
ママMama
ミスmiss (mistake, error, failure),Miss
ミルクmilk
メモmemorandum
メンバーmember
ユーモアhumor
ヨーロッパEurope
ヨットyacht
ライターlighter,rider,writer
ラケットracket, paddle,
レポートreport,paper
ロケットlocket,rocket
ワインwine